Re: [PATCH v4 4/5] vhost/vsock: split packets to send using multiple buffers

From: Jason Wang
Date: Fri Jul 19 2019 - 04:22:06 EST

On 2019/7/19 äå4:08, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 07:35:46AM -0400, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 11:37:30AM +0200, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 10:13 AM Michael S. Tsirkin<mst@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 09:50:14AM +0200, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
On Wed, Jul 17, 2019 at 4:55 PM Michael S. Tsirkin<mst@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
On Wed, Jul 17, 2019 at 01:30:29PM +0200, Stefano Garzarella wrote:
If the packets to sent to the guest are bigger than the buffer
available, we can split them, using multiple buffers and fixing
the length in the packet header.
This is safe since virtio-vsock supports only stream sockets.

Signed-off-by: Stefano Garzarella<sgarzare@xxxxxxxxxx>
So how does it work right now? If an app
does sendmsg with a 64K buffer and the other
side publishes 4K buffers - does it just stall?
Before this series, the 64K (or bigger) user messages was split in 4K packets
(fixed in the code) and queued in an internal list for the TX worker.

After this series, we will queue up to 64K packets and then it will be split in
the TX worker, depending on the size of the buffers available in the
vring. (The idea was to allow EWMA or a configuration of the buffers size, but
for now we postponed it)
Got it. Using workers for xmit is IMHO a bad idea btw.
Why is it done like this?
Honestly, I don't know the exact reasons for this design, but I suppose
that the idea was to have only one worker that uses the vring, and
multiple user threads that enqueue packets in the list.
This can simplify the code and we can put the user threads to sleep if
we don't have "credit" available (this means that the receiver doesn't
have space to receive the packet).
I think you mean the reverse: even without credits you can copy from
user and queue up data, then process it without waking up the user
I checked the code better, but it doesn't seem to do that.
The .sendmsg callback of af_vsock, check if the transport has space
(virtio-vsock transport returns the credit available). If there is no
space, it put the thread to sleep on the 'sk_sleep(sk)' wait_queue.

When the transport receives an update of credit available on the other
peer, it calls 'sk->sk_write_space(sk)' that wakes up the thread
sleeping, that will queue the new packet.

So, in the current implementation, the TX worker doesn't check the
credit available, it only sends the packets.

Does it help though? It certainly adds up work outside of
user thread context which means it's not accounted for
I can try to xmit the packet directly in the user thread context, to see
the improvements.

It will then looks more like what virtio-net (and other networking device) did.

Maybe we want more VQs. Would help improve parallelism. The question
would then become how to map sockets to VQs. With a simple hash
it's easy to create collisions ...
Yes, more VQs can help but the map question is not simple to answer.
Maybe we can do an hash on the (cid, port) or do some kind of estimation
of queue utilization and try to balance.
Should the mapping be unique?

It sounds to me you want some kind of fair queuing? We've already had several qdiscs that do this.

So if we use the kernel networking xmit path, all those issues could be addressed.