Re: [PATCH v3 2/5] arm64: cpufeature: Add feature to detect heterogeneous systems

From: Raphael Gault
Date: Tue Aug 20 2019 - 11:55:29 EST

Hi Mark,

Thank you for your comments.

On 8/20/19 4:49 PM, Mark Rutland wrote:
On Tue, Aug 20, 2019 at 04:23:17PM +0100, Mark Rutland wrote:
Hi Raphael,

On Fri, Aug 16, 2019 at 01:59:31PM +0100, Raphael Gault wrote:
This feature is required in order to enable PMU counters direct
access from userspace only when the system is homogeneous.
This feature checks the model of each CPU brought online and compares it
to the boot CPU. If it differs then it is heterogeneous.

It would be worth noting that this patch prevents heterogeneous CPUs
being brought online late if the system was uniform at boot time.

Looking again, I think I'd misunderstood how
ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU was dealt with, but we do have a
problem in this area.


+ .capability = ARM64_HAS_HETEROGENEOUS_PMU,
+ .matches = has_heterogeneous_pmu,
+ },

I had a quick chat with Will, and we concluded that we must permit late
onlining of heterogeneous CPUs here as people are likely to rely on
late CPU onlining on some heterogeneous systems.

I think the above permits that, but that also means that we need some
support code to fail gracefully in that case (e.g. without sending
a SIGILL to unaware userspace code).

I understand, however, I understood that ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU did not allow later CPU to be heterogeneous if the capability wasn't already enabled. Thus if as you say we need to allow the system to switch from homogeneous to heterogeneous, then I should change the type of this capability.

That means that we'll need the counter emulation code that you had in
previous versions of this patch (e.g. to handle potential UNDEFs when a
new CPU has fewer counters than the previously online CPUs).

Further, I think the context switch (and event index) code needs to take
this cap into account, and disable direct access once the system becomes

That is a good point indeed.


Raphael Gault