[PATCH v5 0/5] kasan: support backing vmalloc space with real shadow memory

From: Daniel Axtens
Date: Thu Aug 29 2019 - 20:38:40 EST

Currently, vmalloc space is backed by the early shadow page. This
means that kasan is incompatible with VMAP_STACK.

This series provides a mechanism to back vmalloc space with real,
dynamically allocated memory. I have only wired up x86, because that's
the only currently supported arch I can work with easily, but it's
very easy to wire up other architectures, and it appears that there is
some work-in-progress code to do this on arm64 and s390.

This has been discussed before in the context of VMAP_STACK:
- https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=202009
- https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/7/22/198
- https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/7/19/822

In terms of implementation details:

Most mappings in vmalloc space are small, requiring less than a full
page of shadow space. Allocating a full shadow page per mapping would
therefore be wasteful. Furthermore, to ensure that different mappings
use different shadow pages, mappings would have to be aligned to

Instead, share backing space across multiple mappings. Allocate a
backing page when a mapping in vmalloc space uses a particular page of
the shadow region. This page can be shared by other vmalloc mappings
later on.

We hook in to the vmap infrastructure to lazily clean up unused shadow

v1: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190725055503.19507-1-dja@xxxxxxxxxx/
v2: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190729142108.23343-1-dja@xxxxxxxxxx/
Address review comments:
- Patch 1: use kasan_unpoison_shadow's built-in handling of
ranges that do not align to a full shadow byte
- Patch 3: prepopulate pgds rather than faulting things in
v3: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190731071550.31814-1-dja@xxxxxxxxxx/
Address comments from Mark Rutland:
- kasan_populate_vmalloc is a better name
- handle concurrency correctly
- various nits and cleanups
- relax module alignment in KASAN_VMALLOC case
v4: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190815001636.12235-1-dja@xxxxxxxxxx/
Changes to patch 1 only:
- Integrate Mark's rework, thanks Mark!
- handle the case where kasan_populate_shadow might fail
- poision shadow on free, allowing the alloc path to just
unpoision memory that it uses
v5: Address comments from Christophe Leroy:
- Fix some issues with my descriptions in commit messages and docs
- Dynamically free unused shadow pages by hooking into the vmap book-keeping
- Split out the test into a separate patch
- Optional patch to track the number of pages allocated
- minor checkpatch cleanups

Daniel Axtens (5):
kasan: support backing vmalloc space with real shadow memory
kasan: add test for vmalloc
fork: support VMAP_STACK with KASAN_VMALLOC
x86/kasan: support KASAN_VMALLOC
kasan debug: track pages allocated for vmalloc shadow

Documentation/dev-tools/kasan.rst | 63 +++++++++++
arch/Kconfig | 9 +-
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/mm/kasan_init_64.c | 60 +++++++++++
include/linux/kasan.h | 31 ++++++
include/linux/moduleloader.h | 2 +-
include/linux/vmalloc.h | 12 +++
kernel/fork.c | 4 +
lib/Kconfig.kasan | 16 +++
lib/test_kasan.c | 26 +++++
mm/kasan/common.c | 170 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/kasan/generic_report.c | 3 +
mm/kasan/kasan.h | 1 +
mm/vmalloc.c | 45 +++++++-
14 files changed, 437 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)