Re: [PATCH v4 01/10] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
From: Andrew Jones
Date: Fri Aug 30 2019 - 10:47:42 EST
On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 09:42:46AM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
> "Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.
> This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
> Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.
> User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
> inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
> kernel has stolen from the guest.
> A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
> hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
> memory structures.
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@xxxxxxx>
> Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt | 14 ++++++
> 2 files changed, 78 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..dda3f0f855b9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
> +Paravirtualized time support for arm64
> +Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
> +support for AArch64 guests:
> +KVM/arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
> +some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
> +view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
> +Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
> +PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
> +PV_TIME_ST 0xC5000022
> +These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
> +paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests. The existence of
> +the PV_FEATURES hypercall should be probed using the SMCCC 1.1 ARCH_FEATURES
> +mechanism before calling it.
> + Function ID: (uint32) : 0xC5000020
> + PV_func_id: (uint32) : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
PV_TIME_LPT doesn't exist
> + Return value: (int32) : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
> + PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
> + Function ID: (uint32) : 0xC5000022
> + Return value: (int64) : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
> + VCPU. On failure:
> + NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
> +The IPA returned by PV_TIME_ST should be mapped by the guest as normal memory
> +with inner and outer write back caching attributes, in the inner shareable
> +domain. A total of 16 bytes from the IPA returned are guaranteed to be
> +meaningfully filled by the hypervisor (see structure below).
> +PV_TIME_ST returns the structure for the calling VCPU.
> +Stolen Time
> +The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
> + Field | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
> + ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
> + Revision | 4 | 0 | Must be 0 for version 0.1
> + Attributes | 4 | 4 | Must be 0
The above fields don't appear to be exposed to userspace in anyway. How
will we handle migration from one KVM with one version of the structure
> + Stolen time | 8 | 8 | Stolen time in unsigned
> + | | | nanoseconds indicating how
> + | | | much time this VCPU thread
> + | | | was involuntarily not
> + | | | running on a physical CPU.
> +The structure will be updated by the hypervisor prior to scheduling a VCPU. It
> +will be present within a reserved region of the normal memory given to the
> +guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this memory. There is a
> +structure per VCPU of the guest.
Should we provide a recommendation as to how that reserved memory is
provided? One memslot divided into NR_VCPUS subregions? Should the
reserved region be described to the guest kernel with DT/ACPI? Or
should userspace ensure the region is not within any DT/ACPI described
> +For the user space interface see Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt
> +section "3. GROUP: KVM_ARM_VCPU_PVTIME_CTRL".
> diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt
> index 2b5dab16c4f2..896777f76f36 100644
> --- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/devices/vcpu.txt
> @@ -60,3 +60,17 @@ time to use the number provided for a given timer, overwriting any previously
> configured values on other VCPUs. Userspace should configure the interrupt
> numbers on at least one VCPU after creating all VCPUs and before running any
> +3. GROUP: KVM_ARM_VCPU_PVTIME_CTRL
> +Architectures: ARM64
> +3.1 ATTRIBUTE: KVM_ARM_VCPU_PVTIME_SET_IPA
> +Parameters: 64-bit base address
> +Returns: -ENXIO: Stolen time not implemented
> + -EEXIST: Base address already set for this VCPU
> + -EINVAL: Base address not 64 byte aligned
> +Specifies the base address of the stolen time structure for this VCPU. The
> +base address must be 64 byte aligned and exist within a valid guest memory
> +region. See Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt for more information
> +including the layout of the stolen time structure.