[PATCH 2/2] tpm: tpm_crb: enhance resource mapping mechanism for supporting AMD's fTPM
From: Safford, David (GE Global Research, US)
Date: Fri Aug 30 2019 - 11:43:54 EST
> From: linux-integrity-owner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx <linux-integrity-
> owner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> On Behalf Of Seunghun Han
> Sent: Friday, August 30, 2019 9:55 AM
> To: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@xxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>; Peter Huewe
> <peterhuewe@xxxxxx>; open list:TPM DEVICE DRIVER <linux-
> integrity@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>; Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-
> Subject: EXT: Re: [PATCH 2/2] tpm: tpm_crb: enhance resource mapping
> mechanism for supporting AMD's fTPM
> > On Fri, Aug 30, 2019 at 06:56:39PM +0900, Seunghun Han wrote:
> > > I got an AMD system which had a Ryzen Threadripper 1950X and MSI
> > > mainboard, and I had a problem with AMD's fTPM. My machine showed
> > > error message below, and the fTPM didn't work because of it.
> > >
> > > [ 5.732084] tpm_crb MSFT0101:00: can't request region for resource
> > > [mem 0x79b4f000-0x79b4ffff] [ 5.732089] tpm_crb: probe
> > > of MSFT0101:00 failed with error -16
> > >
> > > When I saw the iomem, I found two fTPM regions were in the ACPI NVS
> > > The regions are below.
> > >
> > > 79a39000-79b6afff : ACPI Non-volatile Storage
> > > 79b4b000-79b4bfff : MSFT0101:00
> > > 79b4f000-79b4ffff : MSFT0101:00
> > >
> > > After analyzing this issue, I found that crb_map_io() function
> > > called
> > > devm_ioremap_resource() and it failed. The ACPI NVS didn't allow the
> > > TPM CRB driver to assign a resource in it because a busy bit was set
> > > to the ACPI NVS area.
> > >
> > > To support AMD's fTPM, I added a function to check intersects
> > > between the TPM region and ACPI NVS before it mapped the region. If
> > > some intersects are detected, the function just calls devm_ioremap()
> > > for a workaround. If there is no intersect, it calls
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Seunghun Han <kkamagui@xxxxxxxxx>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/char/tpm/tpm_crb.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > > 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > This still seems to result in two drivers controlling the same memory.
> > Does this create bugs and races during resume?
> > Jason
> When I tested this patch in my machine, it seemed that ACPI NVS was saved
> after TPM CRB driver sent "TPM2_Shutdown(STATE)" to the fTPM while
> suspending. Then, ACPI NVS was restored while resuming.
> After resuming, PCRs didn't change and TPM2 tools such as tpm2_pcrlist,
> tpm2_extend, tpm2_getrandoms worked well.
> So, according to my test result, it seems that the patch doesn't create bugs
> and race during resume.
This was discussed earlier on the list.
The consensus was that, while safe now, this would be fragile, and subject to
unexpected changes in ACPI/NVS, and we really need to tell NVS to exclude the
regions for long term safety.
As separate issues, the patches do not work at all on some of my AMD systems.
First, you only force the remap if the overlap is with NVS, but I have systems
where the overlap is with other reserved regions. You should force the remap
regardless, but if it is NVS, grab the space back from NVS.
Second, the patch extends the wrong behavior of the current driver to both
buffer regions. If there is a conflict between what the device's control
register says, and what ACPI says, the existing driver explicitly "trusts the ACPI".
This is just wrong. The actual device will use the areas as defined by its
control registers regardless of what ACPI says. I talked to Microsoft, and
their driver trusts the control register values, and doesn't even look at the
In practice, I have tested several systems in which the device registers show
The correct 4K buffers, but the driver instead trusts the ACPI values, which
list just 1K buffers. 1K buffers will not work for large requests, and the
device is going to read and write the 4K buffers regardless.