From: Lu Baolu
Sent: 30 August 2019 08:17
The Intel VT-d hardware uses paging for DMA remapping.
The minimum mapped window is a page size. The device
drivers may map buffers not filling the whole IOMMU
window. This allows the device to access to possibly
unrelated memory and a malicious device could exploit
this to perform DMA attacks. To address this, the
Intel IOMMU driver will use bounce pages for those
buffers which don't fill whole IOMMU pages.
Won't this completely kill performance?
I'd expect to see something for dma_alloc_coherent() (etc)
that tries to give the driver page sized buffers.
Either that or the driver could allocate page sized buffers
even though it only passes fragments of these buffers to
the dma functions (to avoid excessive cache invalidates).
Since you have to trust the driver, why not actually trust it?