Re: [PATCH] module: Fix link failure due to invalid relocation on namespace offset

From: Jessica Yu
Date: Wed Sep 11 2019 - 09:35:14 EST

+++ Will Deacon [11/09/19 13:26 +0100]:
Commit 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
broke linking for arm64 defconfig:

| lib/crypto/arc4.o: In function `__ksymtab_arc4_setkey':
| arc4.c:(___ksymtab+arc4_setkey+0x8): undefined reference to `no symbol'
| lib/crypto/arc4.o: In function `__ksymtab_arc4_crypt':
| arc4.c:(___ksymtab+arc4_crypt+0x8): undefined reference to `no symbol'

This is because the dummy initialisation of the 'namespace_offset' field
in 'struct kernel_symbol' when using EXPORT_SYMBOL on architectures with
support for PREL32 locations uses an offset from an absolute address (0)
in an effort to trick 'offset_to_pointer' into behaving as a NOP,
allowing non-namespaced symbols to be treated in the same way as those
belonging to a namespace.

Unfortunately, place-relative relocations require a symbol reference
rather than an absolute value and, although x86 appears to get away with
this due to placing the kernel text at the top of the address space, it
almost certainly results in a runtime failure if the kernel is relocated
dynamically as a result of KASLR.

Rework 'namespace_offset' so that a value of 0, which cannot occur for a
valid namespaced symbol, indicates that the corresponding symbol does
not belong to a namespace.

Cc: Matthias Maennich <maennich@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
Fixes: 8651ec01daed ("module: add support for symbol namespaces.")
Reported-by: kbuild test robot <lkp@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@xxxxxxxxxx>

Please note that I've not been able to test this at LPC, but it's been
submitted to kernelci.

Thanks for fixing this so quickly. I can confirm that this fixes the
build for arm64 defconfig and x86 built fine for me as well. I'll wait
a bit and apply this at the end of the day in case Matthias or anybody
else would like to confirm/test.



include/asm-generic/export.h | 2 +-
include/linux/export.h | 2 +-
kernel/module.c | 2 ++
3 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/export.h b/include/asm-generic/export.h
index e2b5d0f569d3..d0912c7ac2fc 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/export.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/export.h
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@

.macro __put, val, name
- .long \val - ., \name - ., 0 - .
+ .long \val - ., \name - ., 0
#elif defined(CONFIG_64BIT)
.quad \val, \name, 0
diff --git a/include/linux/export.h b/include/linux/export.h
index 2c5468d8ea9a..ef5d015d754a 100644
--- a/include/linux/export.h
+++ b/include/linux/export.h
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ extern struct module __this_module;
"__ksymtab_" #sym ": \n" \
" .long " #sym "- . \n" \
" .long __kstrtab_" #sym "- . \n" \
- " .long 0 - . \n" \
+ " .long 0 \n" \
" .previous \n")

struct kernel_symbol {
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index f76efcf2043e..7ab244c4e1ba 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -547,6 +547,8 @@ static const char *kernel_symbol_name(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
static const char *kernel_symbol_namespace(const struct kernel_symbol *sym)
+ if (!sym->namespace_offset)
+ return NULL;
return offset_to_ptr(&sym->namespace_offset);
return sym->namespace;