Re: KMSAN: uninit-value in alauda_check_media

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Fri Oct 11 2019 - 11:06:51 EST

On Fri, Oct 11, 2019 at 10:53:47AM -0400, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Fri, 11 Oct 2019, Andrey Konovalov wrote:
> > On Fri, Oct 11, 2019 at 4:08 PM Alan Stern <stern@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > > Now yes, it's true that defining status as an array on the stack is
> > > also a bug, since USB transfer buffers are not allowed to be stack
> > > variables.
> >
> > Hi Alan,
> >
> > I'm curious, what is the reason for disallowing that? Should we try to
> > somehow detect such cases automatically?
> Transfer buffers are read and written by DMA. On systems that don't
> have cache-coherent DMA controllers, it is essential that the CPU does
> not access any cache line involved in a DMA transfer while the transfer
> is in progress. Otherwise the data in the cache would be different
> from the data in the buffer, leading to corruption.
> (In theory it would be okay for the CPU to read (not write!) a cache
> line assigned to a buffer for a DMA write (not read!) transfer. But
> even doing that isn't really a good idea.)
> (Also, this isn't an issue for x86 architectures, because x86 has
> cache-coherent DMA. But it is an issue on other architectures.)
> In practice, this means transfer buffers have to be allocated by
> something like kmalloc, so that they occupies their own separate set of
> cache lines. Buffers on the stack obviously don't satisfy this
> requirement.
> At some point there was a discussion about automatically detecting when
> on-stack (or otherwise invalid) buffers are used for DMA transfers. I
> don't recall what the outcome was.

A patchset from Kees was sent, but it needs a bit more work...


greg k-h