[PATCH] arm: kernel: initialize broadcast hrtimer based clock event device

From: Benjamin Gaignard
Date: Tue Oct 15 2019 - 04:42:19 EST

On platforms implementing CPU power management, the CPUidle subsystem
can allow CPUs to enter idle states where local timers logic is lost on power
down. To keep the software timers functional the kernel relies on an
always-on broadcast timer to be present in the platform to relay the
interrupt signalling the timer expiries.

For platforms implementing CPU core gating that do not implement an always-on
HW timer or implement it in a broken way, this patch adds code to initialize
the kernel hrtimer based clock event device upon boot (which can be chosen as
tick broadcast device by the kernel).
It relies on a dynamically chosen CPU to be always powered-up. This CPU then
relays the timer interrupt to CPUs in deep-idle states through its HW local
timer device.

Having a CPU always-on has implications on power management platform
capabilities and makes CPUidle suboptimal, since at least a CPU is kept
always in a shallow idle state by the kernel to relay timer interrupts,
but at least leaves the kernel with a functional system with some working
power management capabilities.

The hrtimer based clock event device is unconditionally registered, but
has the lowest possible rating such that any broadcast-capable HW clock
event device present will be chosen in preference as the tick broadcast

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@xxxxxx>
- The same reasons lead to same patch than for arm64 so I have copy the
commit message from: 9358d755bd5c ("arm64: kernel: initialize broadcast
hrtimer based clock event device")
arch/arm/kernel/time.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/time.c b/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
index b996b2cf0703..dddc7ebf4db4 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
* reading the RTC at bootup, etc...
#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
+#include <linux/clockchips.h>
#include <linux/clocksource.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
@@ -107,5 +108,6 @@ void __init time_init(void)
+ tick_setup_hrtimer_broadcast();