Re: [PATCH v4] pci: prevent putting nvidia GPUs into lower device states on certain intel bridges
From: Mika Westerberg
Date: Thu Nov 21 2019 - 07:52:56 EST
On Thu, Nov 21, 2019 at 01:46:14PM +0200, Mika Westerberg wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 21, 2019 at 12:34:22PM +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Thu, Nov 21, 2019 at 12:28 PM Mika Westerberg
> > <mika.westerberg@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Wed, Nov 20, 2019 at 11:29:33PM +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > > > last week or so I found systems where the GPU was under the "PCI
> > > > > Express Root Port" (name from lspci) and on those systems all of that
> > > > > seems to work. So I am wondering if it's indeed just the 0x1901 one,
> > > > > which also explains Mikas case that Thunderbolt stuff works as devices
> > > > > never get populated under this particular bridge controller, but under
> > > > > those "Root Port"s
> > > >
> > > > It always is a PCIe port, but its location within the SoC may matter.
> > >
> > > Exactly. Intel hardware has PCIe ports on CPU side (these are called
> > > PEG, PCI Express Graphics, ports), and the PCH side. I think the IP is
> > > still the same.
> > >
> > > > Also some custom AML-based power management is involved and that may
> > > > be making specific assumptions on the configuration of the SoC and the
> > > > GPU at the time of its invocation which unfortunately are not known to
> > > > us.
> > > >
> > > > However, it looks like the AML invoked to power down the GPU from
> > > > acpi_pci_set_power_state() gets confused if it is not in PCI D0 at
> > > > that point, so it looks like that AML tries to access device memory on
> > > > the GPU (beyond the PCI config space) or similar which is not
> > > > accessible in PCI power states below D0.
> > >
> > > Or the PCI config space of the GPU when the parent root port is in D3hot
> > > (as it is the case here). Also then the GPU config space is not
> > > accessible.
> > Why would the parent port be in D3hot at that point? Wouldn't that be
> > a suspend ordering violation?
> No. We put the GPU into D3hot first, then the root port and then turn
> off the power resource (which is attached to the root port) resulting
> the topology entering D3cold.
I don't see that happening in the AML though.
Basically the difference is that when Windows 7 or Linux (the _REV==5
check) then we directly do link disable whereas in Windows 8+ we invoke
LKDS() method that puts the link into L2/L3. None of the fields they
access seem to touch the GPU itself.
LKDS() for the first PEG port looks like this:
P0L2 = One
Local0 = Zero
If ((Local0 > 0x04))
One thing that comes to mind is that the loop can end even if P0L2 is
not cleared as it does only 5 iterations with 16 ms sleep between. Maybe
Sleep() is implemented differently in Windows? I mean Linux may be
"faster" here and return prematurely and if we leave the port into D0
this does not happen, or something. I'm just throwing out ideas :)