Re: [PATCH] [Backport to stable 4.9.y] arm64: uaccess: Ensure PAN is re-enabled after unhandled uaccess fault

From: Greg KH
Date: Fri Nov 22 2019 - 04:58:14 EST

On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 09:51:16AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> From: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@xxxxxxxxxx>
> commit 94bb804e1e6f0a9a77acf20d7c70ea141c6c821e upstream.
> A number of our uaccess routines ('__arch_clear_user()' and
> '__arch_copy_{in,from,to}_user()') fail to re-enable PAN if they
> encounter an unhandled fault whilst accessing userspace.
> For CPUs implementing both hardware PAN and UAO, this bug has no effect
> when both extensions are in use by the kernel.
> For CPUs implementing hardware PAN but not UAO, this means that a kernel
> using hardware PAN may execute portions of code with PAN inadvertently
> disabled, opening us up to potential security vulnerabilities that rely
> on userspace access from within the kernel which would usually be
> prevented by this mechanism. In other words, parts of the kernel run the
> same way as they would on a CPU without PAN implemented/emulated at all.
> For CPUs not implementing hardware PAN and instead relying on software
> emulation via 'CONFIG_ARM64_SW_TTBR0_PAN=y', the impact is unfortunately
> much worse. Calling 'schedule()' with software PAN disabled means that
> the next task will execute in the kernel using the page-table and ASID
> of the previous process even after 'switch_mm()', since the actual
> hardware switch is deferred until return to userspace. At this point, or
> if there is a intermediate call to 'uaccess_enable()', the page-table
> and ASID of the new process are installed. Sadly, due to the changes
> introduced by KPTI, this is not an atomic operation and there is a very
> small window (two instructions) where the CPU is configured with the
> page-table of the old task and the ASID of the new task; a speculative
> access in this state is disastrous because it would corrupt the TLB
> entries for the new task with mappings from the previous address space.
> As Pavel explains:
> | I was able to reproduce memory corruption problem on Broadcom's SoC
> | ARMv8-A like this:
> |
> | Enable software perf-events with PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN so userland's
> | stack is accessed and copied.
> |
> | The test program performed the following on every CPU and forking
> | many processes:
> |
> | unsigned long *map = mmap(NULL, PAGE_SIZE, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
> | map[0] = getpid();
> | sched_yield();
> | if (map[0] != getpid()) {
> | fprintf(stderr, "Corruption detected!");
> | }
> | munmap(map, PAGE_SIZE);
> |
> | From time to time I was getting map[0] to contain pid for a
> | different process.
> Ensure that PAN is re-enabled when returning after an unhandled user
> fault from our uaccess routines.
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
> Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@xxxxxxx>
> Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Fixes: 338d4f49d6f7 ("arm64: kernel: Add support for Privileged Access Never")
> Signed-off-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@xxxxxxxxxx>
> [will: rewrote commit message]
> [will: backport for 4.9.y stable kernels]

Thanks for this and the 4.4.y backport, both now queued up.

greg k-h