[PATCH v8 bpf-next 0/2] Add bpf_read_branch_records() helper

From: Daniel Xu
Date: Mon Feb 17 2020 - 22:05:12 EST

Branch records are a CPU feature that can be configured to record
certain branches that are taken during code execution. This data is
particularly interesting for profile guided optimizations. perf has had
branch record support for a while but the data collection can be a bit
coarse grained.

We (Facebook) have seen in experiments that associating metadata with
branch records can improve results (after postprocessing). We generally
use bpf_probe_read_*() to get metadata out of userspace. That's why bpf
support for branch records is useful.

Aside from this particular use case, having branch data available to bpf
progs can be useful to get stack traces out of userspace applications
that omit frame pointers.

Changes in v8:
- Use globals instead of perf buffer
- Call test_perf_branches__detach() before destroying skeleton
- Fix typo in docs

Changes in v7:
- Const-ify and static-ify local var
- Documentation formatting

Changes in v6:
- Move #ifdef a little to avoid unused variable warnings on !x86
- Test negative condition in selftest (-EINVAL on improperly configured
perf event)
- Skip positive condition selftest on setups that don't support branch

Changes in v5:
- Rename bpf_perf_prog_read_branches() -> bpf_read_branch_records()
- Squash tools/ bpf.h sync into selftest commit

Changes in v4:
- Add BPF_F_GET_BR_SIZE flag
- Return -ENOENT on unsupported architectures
- Only accept initialized memory in helper
- Check buffer size is multiple of sizeof(struct perf_branch_entry)
- Use bpf skeleton in selftest
- Add commit messages
- Spelling and formatting

Changes in v3:
- Document filling unused buffer with zero
- Formatting fixes
- Rebase

Changes in v2:
- Change to a bpf helper instead of context access
- Avoid mentioning Intel specific things

Daniel Xu (2):
bpf: Add bpf_read_branch_records() helper
selftests/bpf: add bpf_read_branch_records() selftest

include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 25 ++-
kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c | 41 +++++
tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 25 ++-
.../selftests/bpf/prog_tests/perf_branches.c | 169 ++++++++++++++++++
.../selftests/bpf/progs/test_perf_branches.c | 50 ++++++
5 files changed, 308 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/prog_tests/perf_branches.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_perf_branches.c