Media Redundancy Protocol is a data network protocol standardized by/Allan
International Electrotechnical Commission as IEC 62439-2. It allows rings of
Ethernet switches to overcome any single failure with recovery time faster than
STP. It is primarily used in Industrial Ethernet applications.
Based on the previous RFC, the MRP state machine and all the
timers were moved to userspace. A generic netlink interface is added to
allow configuring the HW, and logic added to to implement the MRP
specific forwarding rules.
The userspace application that is using the new netlink can be found here.
The current implementation both in kernel and userspace supports only 2 roles:
MRM - this one is responsible to send MRP_Test and MRP_Topo frames on both
ring ports. It needs to process MRP_Test to know if the ring is open or
closed. This operation is desired to be offloaded to the HW because it
requires to generate and process up to 4000 frames per second. Whenever it
detects that the ring open it sends MRP_Topo frames to notify all MRC about
changes in the topology. MRM needs also to process MRP_LinkChange frames,
these frames are generated by the MRC. When the ring is open the the state
of both ports is to forward frames and when the ring is closed then the
secondary port is blocked.
MRC - this one is responsible to forward MRP frames between the ring ports.
In case one of the ring ports gets a link down or up, then MRC will generate
a MRP_LinkChange frames. This node should also process MRP_Topo frames and to
clear its FDB when it receives this frame.
Deamon +----------+ Client
| + Interrupt
HW | Switchdev |
The user interacts using the client (called 'mrp'), the client talks to the
deamon (called 'mrp_server'), which talks with the kernel using netlink. The
kernel will try to offload the requests to the HW via switchdev API. For this a
new generic netlink interface was added to the bridge.
If the kernel cannot offload MRP to HW (maybe it does not have a switchdev
driver, or it is just not supported), then all the netlink calls will return
-EOPNOTSUPP. In this case the user-space deamon fallback to SW only
There are required changes to the SW bridge to be able to run the MRP. First the
bridge needs to initialize the netlink interface. And second it needs to know if
a MRP frame was received on a MRP ring port. In case it was received the SW
bridge should not forward the frame it needs to redirected to upper layes. In
case it was not received on a ring port then it just forwards it as usual.
To be able to offload this to the HW, it was required to extend the switchdev
If this will be accepted then in the future the netlink interface can be
expended with multiple attributes which are required by different roles of the
MRP. Like Media Redundancy Automanager(MRA), Media Interconnect Manager(MIM) and
Media Interconnect Client(MIC).
Horatiu Vultur (10):
net: bridge: mrp: Expose mrp attributes.
net: bridge: mrp: Expose function br_mrp_port_open
net: bridge: mrp: Add MRP interface used by netlink
net: bridge: mrp: Add generic netlink interface to configure MRP
net: bridge: mrp: Update MRP interface to add switchdev support
net: bridge: mrp: switchdev: Extend switchdev API to offload MRP
net: bridge: mrp: switchdev: Implement MRP API for switchdev
net: bridge: mrp: Connect MRP api with the switchev API
net: bridge: mrp: Integrate MRP into the bridge
net: bridge: mrp: Update Kconfig and Makefile
include/linux/mrp_bridge.h | 25 ++
include/net/switchdev.h | 51 +++
include/uapi/linux/if_ether.h | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/mrp_bridge.h | 118 ++++++
net/bridge/Kconfig | 12 +
net/bridge/Makefile | 2 +
net/bridge/br.c | 11 +
net/bridge/br_device.c | 3 +
net/bridge/br_if.c | 6 +
net/bridge/br_input.c | 14 +
net/bridge/br_mrp.c | 193 ++++++++++
net/bridge/br_mrp_netlink.c | 655 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
net/bridge/br_mrp_switchdev.c | 147 +++++++
net/bridge/br_private.h | 14 +
net/bridge/br_private_mrp.h | 58 +++
15 files changed, 1310 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/mrp_bridge.h
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/mrp_bridge.h
create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_mrp.c
create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_mrp_netlink.c
create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_mrp_switchdev.c
create mode 100644 net/bridge/br_private_mrp.h