Re: [PATCH v8 5/5] dt-bindings: chosen: Document linux,low-memory-range for arm64 kdump
From: Rob Herring
Date: Tue May 26 2020 - 17:18:06 EST
On Fri, May 22, 2020 at 11:24:11AM +0800, chenzhou wrote:
> Hi Rob,
+James M (It's nice to Cc folks if you mention/quote them)
> On 2020/5/21 21:29, Rob Herring wrote:
> > On Thu, May 21, 2020 at 3:35 AM Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> Add documentation for DT property used by arm64 kdump:
> >> linux,low-memory-range.
> >> "linux,low-memory-range" is an another memory region used for crash
> >> dump kernel devices.
> >> Signed-off-by: Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@xxxxxxxxxx>
> >> ---
> >> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++
> >> 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+)
> > chosen is now a schema documented here.
> Ok, that is, i don't need to modify the doc in kernel, just create a pull request in github ?
> >> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> >> index 45e79172a646..bfe6fb6976e6 100644
> >> --- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> >> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/chosen.txt
> >> @@ -103,6 +103,31 @@ While this property does not represent a real hardware, the address
> >> and the size are expressed in #address-cells and #size-cells,
> >> respectively, of the root node.
> >> +linux,low-memory-range
> >> +----------------------
> >> +This property (arm64 only) holds a base address and size, describing a
> >> +limited region below 4G. Similar to "linux,usable-memory-range", it is
> >> +an another memory range which may be considered available for use by the
> >> +kernel.
> > Why can't you just add a range to "linux,usable-memory-range"? It
> > shouldn't be hard to figure out which part is below 4G.
> I did like this in my previous version, such as v5. After discussed with James, i modified it to the current way.
> We think the existing behavior should be unchanged, which helps with keeping compatibility with existing
> user-space and older kdump kernels.
> The comments from James:
> > linux,usable-memory-range = <BASE1 SIZE1 [BASE2 SIZE2]>.
> Won't this break if your kdump kernel doesn't know what the extra parameters are?
> Or if it expects two ranges, but only gets one? These DT properties should be treated as
> ABI between kernel versions, we can't really change it like this.
> I think the 'low' region is an optional-extra, that is never mapped by the first kernel. I
> think the simplest thing to do is to add an 'linux,low-memory-range' that we
> memblock_add() after memblock_cap_memory_range() has been called.
> If its missing, or the new kernel doesn't know what its for, everything keeps working.
I don't think there's a compatibility issue here though. The current
kernel doesn't care if the property is longer than 1 base+size. It only
checks if the size is less than 1 base+size. And yes, we can rely on
that implementation detail. It's only an ABI if an existing user
Now, if the low memory is listed first, then an older kdump kernel
would get a different memory range. If that's a problem, then define
that low memory goes last.