Re: [PATCH] KVM: nVMX: properly pad struct kvm_vmx_nested_state_hdr

From: Paolo Bonzini
Date: Mon Jul 27 2020 - 07:43:43 EST

On 13/07/20 17:54, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> Which means that userspace built for the old kernel will potentially send in
> garbage for the new 'flags' field due to it being uninitialized stack data,
> even with the layout after this patch.

It might as well send it now if the code didn't attempt to zero the
struct before filling it in (this is another good reason to use a
"flags" field to say what's been filled in). I don't think special
casing padding is particularly useful; C11 for example requires
designated initializers to fill padding with zero bits[1] and even
before it's always been considered good behavior to use memset.


[1] It says: "If an object that has static or thread storage duration
is not initialized explicitly, then [...] any padding is initialized to
zero bits" and even for non-static objects, "If there are fewer
initializers in a brace-enclosed list than there are elements or members
of an aggregate [...] the remainder of the aggregate shall be
initialized implicitly the same as objects that have static storage