Re: [PATCH] lz4: Fix kernel decompression speed

From: Nick Terrell
Date: Mon Aug 03 2020 - 22:59:48 EST

> On Aug 3, 2020, at 6:56 PM, Arvind Sankar <nivedita@xxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 10:55:01PM +0000, Nick Terrell wrote:
>>> On Aug 3, 2020, at 2:57 PM, Arvind Sankar <nivedita@xxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 12:40:22PM -0700, Nick Terrell wrote:
>>>> From: Nick Terrell <terrelln@xxxxxx>
>>>> This patch replaces all memcpy() calls with LZ4_memcpy() which calls
>>>> __builtin_memcpy() so the compiler can inline it.
>>>> LZ4 relies heavily on memcpy() with a constant size being inlined. In
>>>> x86 and i386 pre-boot environments memcpy() cannot be inlined because
>>>> memcpy() doesn't get defined as __builtin_memcpy().
>>>> An equivalent patch has been applied upstream so that the next import
>>>> won't lose this change [1].
>>>> I've measured the kernel decompression speed using QEMU before and after
>>>> this patch for the x86_64 and i386 architectures. The speed-up is about
>>>> 10x as shown below.
>>>> Code Arch Kernel Size Time Speed
>>>> v5.8 x86_64 11504832 B 148 ms 79 MB/s
>>>> patch x86_64 11503872 B 13 ms 885 MB/s
>>>> v5.8 i386 9621216 B 91 ms 106 MB/s
>>>> patch i386 9620224 B 10 ms 962 MB/s
>>>> I also measured the time to decompress the initramfs on x86_64, i386,
>>>> and arm. All three show the same decompression speed before and after,
>>>> as expected.
>>>> [1]
>>> Hi Nick, would you be able to test the below patch's performance to
>>> verify it gives the same speedup? It removes the #undef in misc.c which
>>> causes the decompressors to not use the builtin version. It should be
>>> equivalent to yours except for applying it to all the decompressors.
>>> Thanks.
>> I will measure it. I would expect it to provide the same speed up. It would be great to fix
>> the problem for x86/i386 in general.
> Thanks. I tried using RDTSC to get some timings under QEMU, and I get
> similar speedup as you have for LZ4, and around 15-20% or so for ZSTD
> (on 64-bit)

By the way, I was using this script for performance testing [0].

> -- I see that ZSTD_copy8 is already using __builtin_memcpy,
> but there must be more that can be optimized? There's a couple 1/2-byte
> sized copies in huf_decompress.c.

Oh wow, I totally missed that, I guess I stopped looking once performance
was about what I expected, nice find!

I suspect it is mostly the memcpy inside of HUF_decodeSymbolX4(), since
that should be the only hot one [1].

Do you want to put up the patch to fix the memcpy’s in zstd Huffman, or should I?

I will be submitting a patch upstream to migrate all of zstd’s memcpy() calls to
use __builtin_memcpy(), since I plan on updating the version in the kernel to
upstream zstd in the next few months. I was waiting until the compressed kernel
patch set landed, so I didn't distract from it.