Re: [PATCH v5 13/36] add PGO and AutoFDO input sections

From: Fāng-ruì Sòng
Date: Tue Aug 04 2020 - 01:32:35 EST

On 2020-08-03, Andi Kleen wrote:
Why is that? Both .text and have alignment of 2^4 (default
function alignment on x86) by default, so it doesn't seem like it should
matter for packing density. Avoiding interspersing cold text among

You may lose part of a cache line on each unit boundary. Linux has
a lot of units, some of them small. All these bytes add up.

It's bad for TLB locality too. Sadly with all the fine grained protection
changes the 2MB coverage is eroding anyways, but this makes it even worse.

Gives worse packing for the hot part
if they are not aligned to 64byte boundaries, which they are usually

I do not see how the 64-byte argument is related to this patch.
If a function requires 64-byte alignment to be efficient, the compiler
should communicate this fact by setting the alignment of its containing
section to 64 bytes or above.

If a text section has a 16-byte alignment, the linker can reorder it to
an address which is a multiple of 16 but not a multiple of 64.

I agree with your other statement that having a single input section
description might be helpful. With more than one input section
descrition, the linker has to respect the ordering requirement. With
just one input section description, the linker has more freedom ordering
sections if profitable. For example, LLD performs two ordering
heuristics as my previous reply mentions.

It'd be good if someone can measure the benefit. Personally I don't
think this kind of ordering has significant benefit. (For
arm/aarch64/powerpc there might be some size benefit due to fewer range
extension thunks)

regular/hot text seems like it should be a net win.

That old commit doesn't reference efficiency -- it says there was some
problem with matching when they were separated out, but there were no
wildcard section names back then.

It was about efficiency.


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