Re: [RFC-PROTOTYPE 1/1] mm: Add __GFP_FAST_TRY flag

From: Vlastimil Babka
Date: Tue Aug 04 2020 - 13:03:41 EST

On 8/3/20 6:30 PM, Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) wrote:
> Some background and kfree_rcu()
> ===============================
> The pointers to be freed are stored in the per-cpu array to improve
> performance, to enable an easier-to-use API, to accommodate vmalloc
> memmory and to support a single argument of the kfree_rcu() when only
> a pointer is passed. More details are below.
> In order to maintain such per-CPU arrays there is a need in dynamic
> allocation when a current array is fully populated and a new block is
> required. See below the example:
> 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
> |p|p|p|p| -> |p|p|p|p| -> NULL
> there are two pointer-blocks, each one can store 4 addresses
> which will be freed after a grace period is passed. In reality
> we store PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(void *).

So what do you actually have without the dynamic allocation, 8 addresses or
PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(void *) addresses? And how many dynamically allocated pages
did you observe you might need in practice? Can it be somehow quantified the
benefit that you are able to allocate up to X pages dynamically from the
pcplists, vs a fixed number of pages held just for that purpose + fallback?


> A number of pre-fetched elements seems does not depend on amount of the
> physical memory in a system. In my case it is 63 pages. This step is not

It may depend, if you tune vm.percpu_pagelist_fraction sysctl. But I wouldn't
know the exact formulas immediately. See pageset_set_high_and_batch(). In any
case for your purpose the 'high' value (in e.g. /proc/zoneinfo) is more relevant
(it means the maximum pages you might find cached) for you than the 'batch' (how
much is cached in one refill).

> lock-less. It uses spinlock_t for accessing to the body's zone. This
> step is fully covered in the rmqueue_bulk() function.
> Summarizing. The __GFP_FAST_TRY covers only [1] and can not do step [2],
> due to the fact that [2] acquires spinlock_t. It implies that it is super
> fast, but a higher rate of fails is also expected.
> Usage: __get_free_page(__GFP_FAST_TRY);
> 2) There was a proposal from Matthew Wilcox:
> <snip>
> On non-RT, we could make that lock a raw spinlock. On RT, we could
> decline to take the lock. We'd need to abstract the spin_lock() away
> behind zone_lock(zone), but that should be OK.
> <snip>
> It would be great to use any existing flag, say GFP_NOWAIT. Suppose we
> decline to take the lock across the page allocator for RT. But there is
> at least one path that does it outside of the page allocator. GFP_NOWAIT
> can wakeup the kswapd, whereas a "wake-up path" uses sleepable lock:
> wakeup_kswapd() -> wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait).
> Probably it can be fixed by the excluding of waking of the kswapd process
> defining something like below:

Is something missing here?

> what is equal to zero and i am not sure if __get_free_page(0) handles
> all that correctly, though it allocates and seems working on my test
> machine! Please note it is related to "if we can reuse existing flags".
> In the meantime, please see below for a patch that adds a __GFP_FAST_TRY,
> which can at least serve as a baseline against which other proposals can
> be compared. The patch is based on the 5.8.0-rc3.
> Please RFC.

At first glance __GFP_FAST_TRY (more descriptive name? __GFP_NO_LOCKS?) seems
better than doing weird things with GFP_NOWAIT, but depends on the real benefits
(hence my first questions).