Re: [PATCH v2] rcu: fix a deadlock caused by not release rcu_node->lock

From: Paul E. McKenney
Date: Sun May 16 2021 - 19:01:04 EST

On Sun, May 16, 2021 at 05:50:10PM +0800, yanfei.xu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx wrote:
> From: Yanfei Xu <yanfei.xu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> rcu_node->lock isn't released in rcu_print_task_stall() if the rcu_node
> don't contain tasks which blocking the GP. However this rcu_node->lock
> will be used again in rcu_dump_cpu_stacks() soon while the ndetected is
> non-zero. As a result the cpu will hung by this deadlock.
> Fixes: c583bcb8f5ed ("rcu: Don't invoke try_invoke_on_locked_down_task() with irqs disabled")
> Signed-off-by: Yanfei Xu <yanfei.xu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Also a good catch, thank you! Queued for further review and testing,
wordsmithed as shown below. The rcutorture scripts have been known to
work on ARM in the past, and might still do so. (I test on x86.)

As always, please check to make sure that I didn't mess something up.

Thanx, Paul


commit e0a9b77f245ae4fe1537120fd5319bf9e091618e
Author: Yanfei Xu <yanfei.xu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sun May 16 17:50:10 2021 +0800

rcu: Fix stall-warning deadlock due to non-release of rcu_node ->lock

If rcu_print_task_stall() is invoked on an rcu_node structure that does
not contain any tasks blocking the current grace period, it takes an
early exit that fails to release that rcu_node structure's lock. This
results in a self-deadlock, which is detected by lockdep.

To reproduce this bug:

tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/bin/ --allcpus --duration 3 --trust-make --configs "TREE03" --kconfig "CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=y" --bootargs "rcutorture.stall_cpu=30 rcutorture.stall_cpu_block=1 rcutorture.fwd_progress=0 rcutorture.test_boost=0"

This will also result in other complaints, including RCU's scheduler
hook complaining about blocking rather than preemption and an rcutorture
writer stall.

Only a partial RCU CPU stall warning message will be printed because of
the self-deadlock.

This commit therefore releases the lock on the rcu_print_task_stall()
function's early exit path.

Fixes: c583bcb8f5ed ("rcu: Don't invoke try_invoke_on_locked_down_task() with irqs disabled")
Signed-off-by: Yanfei Xu <yanfei.xu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@xxxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_stall.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_stall.h
index a10ea1f1f81f..d574e3bbd929 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_stall.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_stall.h
@@ -267,8 +267,10 @@ static int rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp, unsigned long flags)
struct task_struct *ts[8];

- if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp))
+ if (!rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp)) {
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
return 0;
+ }
pr_err("\tTasks blocked on level-%d rcu_node (CPUs %d-%d):",
rnp->level, rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi);
t = list_entry(rnp->gp_tasks->prev,