Re: [PATCH 3/3] arm: extend pfn_valid to take into accound freed memory map alignment

From: Mike Rapoport
Date: Tue May 18 2021 - 06:53:56 EST

On Tue, May 18, 2021 at 10:44:27AM +0100, Russell King (Oracle) wrote:
> On Tue, May 18, 2021 at 12:06:13PM +0300, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> > From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> >
> > When unused memory map is freed the preserved part of the memory map is
> > extended to match pageblock boundaries because lots of core mm
> > functionality relies on homogeneity of the memory map within pageblock
> > boundaries.
> >
> > Since pfn_valid() is used to check whether there is a valid memory map
> > entry for a PFN, make it return true also for PFNs that have memory map
> > entries even if there is no actual memory populated there.
> I thought pfn_valid() was a particularly hot path... do we really want
> to be doing multiple lookups here? Is there no better solution?

It is hot, but for more, hmm, straightforward memory layouts it'll take

if (memblock_is_map_memory(addr))
return 1;

branch, I think.

Most of mm operations are on pages that are fed into buddy allocator, and
if there are no holes with weird alignment pfn_valid() will return 1 right

Now thinking about it, with the patch that marks NOMAP areas reserved in
the memory map [1], we could also use

ALIGN_DOWN(addr, pageblock_size),
ALIGN(addr + 1, pageblock_size))
to have only one lookup.

Completely another approach would be to simply stop freeing memory map with
SPARSEMEM. For systems like the one Kefen is using, it would waste less
than 2M out of 1.5G.
It is worse of course for old systems with small memories. The worst case
being mach-ep93xx with sections size of 256M and I presume 16M per section
would be normal for such machines.


Sincerely yours,