[PATCH v4] misc: alcor_pci: fix null-ptr-deref when there is no PCI bridge

From: Tong Zhang
Date: Tue May 18 2021 - 15:28:51 EST

There is an issue with the ASPM(optional) capability checking function.
A device might be attached to root complex directly, in this case,
bus->self(bridge) will be NULL, thus priv->parent_pdev is NULL.
Since alcor_pci_init_check_aspm(priv->parent_pdev) checks the PCI link's
ASPM capability and populate parent_cap_off, which will be used later by
alcor_pci_aspm_ctrl() to dynamically turn on/off device, what we can do
here is to avoid checking the capability if we are on the root complex.
This will make pdev_cap_off 0 and alcor_pci_aspm_ctrl() will simply
return when bring called, effectively disable ASPM for the device.

[ 1.246492] BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 00000000000000c0
[ 1.248731] RIP: 0010:pci_read_config_byte+0x5/0x40
[ 1.253998] Call Trace:
[ 1.254131] ? alcor_pci_find_cap_offset.isra.0+0x3a/0x100 [alcor_pci]
[ 1.254476] alcor_pci_probe+0x169/0x2d5 [alcor_pci]

Signed-off-by: Tong Zhang <ztong0001@xxxxxxxxx>
Co-developed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Co-developed-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
v2: check before calling alcor_pci_find_cap_offset()
v3: Add comment. Enable the dev_dbg() output when priv->parent_pdev is NULL.
v4: fix inverted if statement, thanks to Colin <colin.king@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

drivers/misc/cardreader/alcor_pci.c | 8 +++++++-
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/misc/cardreader/alcor_pci.c b/drivers/misc/cardreader/alcor_pci.c
index cd402c89189e..de6d44a158bb 100644
--- a/drivers/misc/cardreader/alcor_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/misc/cardreader/alcor_pci.c
@@ -139,7 +139,13 @@ static void alcor_pci_init_check_aspm(struct alcor_pci_priv *priv)
u32 val32;

priv->pdev_cap_off = alcor_pci_find_cap_offset(priv, priv->pdev);
- priv->parent_cap_off = alcor_pci_find_cap_offset(priv,
+ /*
+ * A device might be attached to root complex directly and
+ * priv->parent_pdev will be NULL. In this case we don't check its
+ * capability and disable ASPM completely.
+ */
+ if (priv->parent_pdev)
+ priv->parent_cap_off = alcor_pci_find_cap_offset(priv,

if ((priv->pdev_cap_off == 0) || (priv->parent_cap_off == 0)) {