[PATCH v3] mm/page_alloc: fix counting of free pages after take off from buddy

From: Ding Hui
Date: Wed May 26 2021 - 03:53:22 EST

Recently we found that there is a lot MemFree left in /proc/meminfo
after do a lot of pages soft offline, it's not quite correct.

Before Oscar rework soft offline for free pages [1], if we soft
offline free pages, these pages are left in buddy with HWPoison
flag, and NR_FREE_PAGES is not updated immediately. So the difference
between NR_FREE_PAGES and real number of available free pages is
also even big at the beginning.

However, with the workload running, when we catch HWPoison page in
any alloc functions subsequently, we will remove it from buddy,
meanwhile update the NR_FREE_PAGES and try again, so the NR_FREE_PAGES
will get more and more closer to the real number of available free pages.
(regardless of unpoison_memory())

Now, for offline free pages, after a successful call take_page_off_buddy(),
the page is no longer belong to buddy allocator, and will not be
used any more, but we missed accounting NR_FREE_PAGES in this situation,
and there is no chance to be updated later.

Do update in take_page_off_buddy() like rmqueue() does, but avoid
double counting if some one already set_migratetype_isolate() on the

[1]: commit 06be6ff3d2ec ("mm,hwpoison: rework soft offline for free pages")

Suggested-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Ding Hui <dinghui@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- as Naoya Horiguchi suggested, do update only when
is_migrate_isolate(migratetype)) is false
- updated patch description

- https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20210508035533.23222-1-dinghui@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx/
- use __mod_zone_freepage_state instead of __mod_zone_page_state

mm/page_alloc.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index aaa1655cf682..d1f5de1c1283 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -9158,6 +9158,8 @@ bool take_page_off_buddy(struct page *page)
del_page_from_free_list(page_head, zone, page_order);
break_down_buddy_pages(zone, page_head, page, 0,
page_order, migratetype);
+ if (!is_migrate_isolate(migratetype))
+ __mod_zone_freepage_state(zone, -1, migratetype);
ret = true;