Re: gcov: NULL pointer dereference with gcc 9.3.1
From: Luis Henriques
Date: Tue Jun 08 2021 - 08:46:26 EST
On Mon, Jun 07, 2021 at 04:32:14PM +0200, Peter Oberparleiter wrote:
> On 02.06.2021 16:22, Luis Henriques wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 02, 2021 at 02:35:31PM +0200, Peter Oberparleiter wrote:
> >> On 01.06.2021 17:56, Luis Henriques wrote:
> >>> Hi!
> >>> Maybe this is a known (gcc?) issue, but I'm seeing a NULL pointer splat if
> >>> I instrument my kernel (or a module, more specifically) using gcc 9.3.1.
> >>> It looks like, during initialization in __gcov_init(), gcov_info struct is
> >>> invalid: the filename seems to be correct but ->function is NULL and
> >>> ->n_functions contains garbage.
> >> Thanks for reporting this issue. The symptoms you're seeing look similar
> >> to those that occur when the struct gcov_info layout emitted by GCC does
> >> not match the one used by the kernel. In particular a change in the
> >> GCOV_COUNTER value can cause this behavior.
> >> I've checked upstream GCC 9.3.1 and it seems to match what is used by
> >> the kernel for that GCC version. Could you provide the exact version of
> >> the compiler you are using? Both 'gcc --version' output and the GCC
> >> package version should help. Also what architecture are you seeing this on?
> > Here's the output of 'gcc --version':
> > gcc (SUSE Linux) 9.3.1 20200903 [revision 9790fa53b48f3a48e0f7a7ad65e2bbf3b206a7b0]
> > Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> > This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
> > warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
> > This is the version shipped with openSUSE Tumbleweed, and I'm using it to
> > compile an x86_64 kernel. Regarding the 'package version', I'm assuming
> > the packages as per the distro package version, right? Here's the data
> > from 'zypper info':
> > Information for package gcc9:
> > -----------------------------
> > Repository : Main Repository (OSS)
> > Name : gcc9
> > Version : 9.3.1+git1684-3.5
> > Arch : x86_64
> > Vendor : openSUSE
> > Installed Size : 94.6 MiB
> > Installed : Yes (automatically)
> > Status : up-to-date
> > Source package : gcc9-9.3.1+git1684-3.5.src
> I've checked the source you referenced and found that it contains a
> backport of a change to gcov_info that was only introduced with GCC 10
> to upstream source: the value of GCOV_COUNTERS was reduced from 9 to 8.
> Since I don't think it's feasible to implement support for such
> vendor-specific changes in the upstream kernel source my suggestion for
> you would be to either
> a) fall back to a vanilla GCC version,
> b) fall back to a known-to-work vendor-specific GCC version (GCC 10
> should be fine), or
> c) to manually change the GCOV_COUNTERS value in
> linux/kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c to 8.
Thanks a lot for looking Peter, I've already reported this issue to the
maintainers. Hopefully it'll soon be looked at. Anyway, to be honest I
just hit this issue accidentally -- I don't really have a requirement on
using this version specifically.
> > Do you have a link with binaries I could test for upstream 9.3.1? I
> > checked  but there's only 9.3.0.
> I'm not sure there is any. My analysis was based on source code for
> 9.3.0 alone.
> Peter Oberparleiter
> Peter Oberparleiter
> Linux on Z Development - IBM Germany