Re: [PATCH v15 00/12] Restricted DMA
From: Will Deacon
Date: Fri Jun 25 2021 - 08:30:43 EST
On Thu, Jun 24, 2021 at 03:19:48PM -0400, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 24, 2021 at 11:55:14PM +0800, Claire Chang wrote:
> > This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
> > systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
> > system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
> > leading to data leakage or corruption.
> > For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
> > not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
> > system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
> > to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
> > full chain of exploits; , ).
> > To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
> > DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
> > specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
> > The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
> > overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
> > against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
> > to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
> > usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms ).
> > [1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
> > [1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
> >  https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
> >  https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
> >  https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132
> > v15:
> > - Apply Will's diff (https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1448957/#1647521)
> > to fix the crash reported by Qian.
> > - Add Stefano's Acked-by tag for patch 01/12 from v14
> That all should be now be on
> devel/for-linus-5.14 (and linux-next)