Re: [PATCH] selftests: KVM: avoid failures due to reserved HyperTransport region
From: Maxim Levitsky
Date: Mon Aug 09 2021 - 03:45:51 EST
On Fri, 2021-08-06 at 11:57 +0100, Joao Martins wrote:
> On 8/5/21 11:54 AM, Paolo Bonzini wrote:
> > Accessing guest physical addresses at 0xFFFD_0000_0000 and above causes
> > a failure on AMD processors because those addresses are reserved by
> > HyperTransport (this is not documented).
> Oh, but it's actually documented in the AMD IOMMU manual  (and AMD IOMMU in linux do
> mark it as a reserved IOVA region i.e. HT_RANGE_START..HT_RANGE_END). And it's usually
> marked as a reserved type in E820. At least on the machines I've seen.
> See manual section '2.1.2 IOMMU Logical Topology':
> "Special address controls in Table 3 are interpreted against untranslated guest physical
> addressess (GPA) that lack a PASID TLP prefix."
> Base Address Top Address Use
> FD_0000_0000h FD_F7FF_FFFFh Reserved interrupt address space
> FD_F800_0000h FD_F8FF_FFFFh Interrupt/EOI IntCtl
> FD_F900_0000h FD_F90F_FFFFh Legacy PIC IACK
> FD_F910_0000h FD_F91F_FFFFh System Management
> FD_F920_0000h FD_FAFF_FFFFh Reserved Page Tables
> FD_FB00_0000h FD_FBFF_FFFFh Address Translation
> FD_FC00_0000h FD_FDFF_FFFFh I/O Space
> FD_FE00_0000h FD_FFFF_FFFFh Configuration
> FE_0000_0000h FE_1FFF_FFFFh Extended Configuration/Device Messages
> FE_2000_0000h FF_FFFF_FFFFh Reserved
> It covers the range starting that address you fixed up ... up to 1Tb, fwiw.
> You mark it ~1010G as max gfn so shouldn't be a problem.
>  https://www.amd.com/system/files/TechDocs/48882_IOMMU.pdf
> > Avoid selftests failures
> > by reserving those guest physical addresses.
> > Fixes: ef4c9f4f6546 ("KVM: selftests: Fix 32-bit truncation of vm_get_max_gfn()")
> > Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> > Cc: David Matlack <dmatlack@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > Reported-by: Maxim Levitsky <mlevitsk@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > ---
> > tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c | 6 ++++++
> > 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> > index 10a8ed691c66..d995cc9836ee 100644
> > --- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/kvm_util.c
> > @@ -309,6 +309,12 @@ struct kvm_vm *vm_create(enum vm_guest_mode mode, uint64_t phy_pages, int perm)
> > /* Limit physical addresses to PA-bits. */
> > vm->max_gfn = ((1ULL << vm->pa_bits) >> vm->page_shift) - 1;
> > +#ifdef __x86_64__
> > + /* Avoid reserved HyperTransport region on AMD processors. */
> > + if (vm->pa_bits == 48)
> > + vm->max_gfn = 0xfffcfffff;
> > +#endif
> > +
> Not sure if it's worth the trouble having a macro with the same name as AMD iommu like:
> #define HT_RANGE_START (0xfd00000000ULL)
> #define MAX_GFN (HT_RANGE_START - 1ULL)
> #ifdef __x86_64__
> /* Avoid reserved HyperTransport region on AMD processors. */
> if (vm->pa_bits == 48)
> vm->max_gfn = MAX_GFN;
I guess now that we know that it is documented, it is worth it,
to remove '== 48' check and add check for an AMD cpu, and add reference
to this manual.
I am mentioning the 48 bit check because I have seen that AMD just recently
posted 5 level NPT support, so I guess CPUs which > 48 bit max physical address
are also probably on horison.
And long term solution for this I guess is to add these areas to a blacklist
and avoid them.
> It's a detail, but *perhaps* would help people grepping around it.
> Also, not sure if checking against AMD cpuid vendor is worth, considering this is
> a limitation only on AMD.
> > /* Allocate and setup memory for guest. */
> > vm->vpages_mapped = sparsebit_alloc();
> > if (phy_pages != 0)