Re: [PATCH v2 1/3] /dev/mem: disallow access to explicitly excluded system RAM regions
From: Dan Williams
Date: Wed Aug 25 2021 - 13:07:47 EST
On Wed, Aug 25, 2021 at 12:23 AM David Hildenbrand <david@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On 25.08.21 02:58, Dan Williams wrote:
> > On Mon, Aug 16, 2021 at 7:25 AM David Hildenbrand <david@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> virtio-mem dynamically exposes memory inside a device memory region as
> >> system RAM to Linux, coordinating with the hypervisor which parts are
> >> actually "plugged" and consequently usable/accessible. On the one hand, the
> >> virtio-mem driver adds/removes whole memory blocks, creating/removing busy
> >> IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM resources, on the other hand, it logically (un)plugs
> >> memory inside added memory blocks, dynamically either exposing them to
> >> the buddy or hiding them from the buddy and marking them PG_offline.
> >> virtio-mem wants to make sure that in a sane environment, nobody
> >> "accidentially" accesses unplugged memory inside the device managed
> >> region. After /proc/kcore has been sanitized and /dev/kmem has been
> >> removed, /dev/mem is the remaining interface that still allows uncontrolled
> >> access to the device-managed region of virtio-mem devices from user
> >> space.
> >> There is no known sane use case for mapping virtio-mem device memory
> >> via /dev/mem while virtio-mem driver concurrently (un)plugs memory inside
> >> that region. So once the driver was loaded and detected the device
> >> along the device-managed region, we just want to disallow any access via
> >> /dev/mem to it.
> >> Let's add the basic infrastructure to exclude some physical memory
> >> regions completely from /dev/mem access, on any architecture and under
> >> any system configuration (independent of CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM and
> >> independent of "iomem=").
> > I'm certainly on team "/dev/mem considered harmful", but this approach
> > feels awkward. It feels wrong for being non-committal about whether
> > CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM is in wide enough use that the safety can be
> > turned on all the time, and the configuration option dropped, or there
> > are users clinging onto /dev/mem where they expect to be able to build
> > a debug kernel to turn all of these restrictions off, even the
> > virtio-mem ones. This splits the difference and says some /dev/mem
> > accesses are always disallowed for "reasons", but I could say the same
> > thing about pmem, there's no sane reason to allow /dev/mem which has
> > no idea about the responsibilities of properly touching pmem to get
> > access to it.
> For virtio-mem, there is no use case *and* access could be harmful; I
> don't even want to allow if for debugging purposes. If you want to
> inspect virtio-mem device memory content, use /proc/kcore, which
> performs proper synchronized access checks. Modifying random virtio-mem
> memory via /dev/mem in a debug kernel will not be possible: if you
> really have to play with fire, use kdb or better don't load the
> virtio-mem driver during boot, such that the kernel won't even be making
> use of device memory.
> I don't want people disabling CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM, or booting with
> "iomem=relaxed", and "accidentally" accessing any of virtio-mem memory
> via /dev/mem, while it gets concurrently plugged/unplugged by the
> virtio-mem driver. Not even for debugging purposes.
That sounds more an argument that all of the existing "kernel is using
this region" cases should become mandatory exclusions. If unloading
the driver removes the exclusion then that's precisely
CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM. Why is the virtio-mem driver more special
than any other driver that expects this integrity guarantee?
> We disallow mapping to some other regions independent of
> CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM already, so the idea to ignore CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM
> is not completely new:
> "Note that with PAT support enabled, even in this case there are
> restrictions on /dev/mem use due to the cache aliasing requirements."
> Maybe you even want to do something similar with PMEM now that there is
> infrastructure for it and just avoid having to deal with revoking
> /dev/mem mappings later.
That would be like blocking writes to /dev/sda just because a
filesytem might later be mounted on it. If the /dev/mem access is not
actively colliding with other kernel operations what business does the
kernel have saying no?
I'm pushing on this topic because I am also considering an exclusion
on PCI configuration access to the "DOE mailbox" since it can disrupt
the kernel's operation, at the same time, root can go change PCI BARs
to nonsensical values whenever it wants which is also in the category
of "has no use case && could be harmful".
> I think there are weird debugging/educational setups  that still
> require CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM=n even with iomem=relaxed. Take a look at
> lib/devmem_is_allowed.c:devmem_is_allowed(), it disallows any access to
> (what's currently added as) System RAM. It might just do what people
> want when dealing with system RAM that doesn't suddenly vanish , so I
> don't ultimately see why we should remove CONFIG_STRICT_DEVMEM=n.
Yes, I wanted to tease out more of your rationale on where the line
should be drawn, I think a mostly unfettered /dev/mem mode is here to