Re: [PATCH] usb: ehci-orion: Handle errors of clk_prepare_enable() in probe

From: Evgeny Novikov
Date: Thu Aug 26 2021 - 09:30:34 EST

Hi Alan,

On 25.08.2021 20:29, Alan Stern wrote:
On Wed, Aug 25, 2021 at 08:09:02PM +0300, Evgeny Novikov wrote:
ehci_orion_drv_probe() did not account for possible errors of
clk_prepare_enable() that in particular could cause invocation of
clk_disable_unprepare() on clocks that were not prepared/enabled yet,
e.g. in remove or on handling errors of usb_add_hcd() in probe. Though,
there were several patches fixing different issues with clocks in this
driver, they did not solve this problem.

Add handling of errors of clk_prepare_enable() in ehci_orion_drv_probe()
to avoid calls of clk_disable_unprepare() without previous successful
invocation of clk_prepare_enable().

Found by Linux Driver Verification project (

Fixes: 8c869edaee07 ("ARM: Orion: EHCI: Add support for enabling clocks")
Signed-off-by: Evgeny Novikov <novikov@xxxxxxxxx>
Co-developed-by: Kirill Shilimanov <kirill.shilimanov@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Kirill Shilimanov <kirill.shilimanov@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Do you intend to submit patches for the other EHCI drivers that don't
check for errors in clk_prepare_enable()? It looks like
ehci-atmel.c, ehci-mv.c, and ehci-spear.c all need some attention.

The same is true for a bunch of the OHCI drivers: ohci-at91.c,
ohci-exynos.c, ohci-s3c2410.c, and ohci-spear.c.

Didn't the Linux Driver Verification project identify this problem in
all of these drivers?
Our verification framework report numerous issues like the one for which I sent the given patch. There are many warnings for different USB drivers and other types of device drivers as well. We sent several patches that were acknowledged by the developers already, though, after the Andrew's reply [1] I have doubts that we need to treat these warnings as potential bugs and fix them. The verification framework performs static analysis in a way that I described before [2]. Regarding the clock API it uses such models of clk_prepare() and clk_enable() that can fail independently on underlying hardware since is not easy to either model all such hardware or try to relate and consider corresponding drivers in addition to drivers using clocks at verification. Thus, potentially the verification framework can produce warnings for all drivers that invoke clk_prepare(), clk_enable() or clk_prepare_enable(), but do not check for their return values.

I look forward whether you will confirm that it makes sense to handle errors from mentioned functions anyway or it would be better not to sent such bug reports unless we will be strictly sure that they can happen. In the former case it would be better if somebody will teach built-in Linux kernel static analyzers to detect these issues on a regular basis.


Best regards,
Evgeny Novikov
Alan Stern

drivers/usb/host/ehci-orion.c | 8 ++++++--
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-orion.c b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-orion.c
index a319b1df3011..3626758b3e2a 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/host/ehci-orion.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/host/ehci-orion.c
@@ -264,8 +264,11 @@ static int ehci_orion_drv_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
* the clock does not exists.
priv->clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
- if (!IS_ERR(priv->clk))
- clk_prepare_enable(priv->clk);
+ if (!IS_ERR(priv->clk)) {
+ err = clk_prepare_enable(priv->clk);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_put_hcd;
+ }
priv->phy = devm_phy_optional_get(&pdev->dev, "usb");
if (IS_ERR(priv->phy)) {
@@ -311,6 +314,7 @@ static int ehci_orion_drv_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
if (!IS_ERR(priv->clk))
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "init %s fail, %d\n",