[PATCH v2] bus: mhi: core: Use cached values for calculating the shared write pointer

From: Jeffrey Hugo
Date: Fri Aug 27 2021 - 10:13:45 EST

mhi_recycle_ev_ring() computes the shared write pointer for the ring
(ctxt_wp) using a read/modify/write pattern where the ctxt_wp value in the
shared memory is read, incremented, and written back. There are no checks
on the read value, it is assumed that it is kept in sync with the locally
cached value. Per the MHI spec, this is correct. The device should only
read ctxt_wp, never write it.

However, there are devices in the wild that violate the spec, and can
update the ctxt_wp in a specific scenario. This can cause corruption, and
violate the above assumption that the ctxt_wp is in sync with the cached

This can occur when the device has loaded firmware from the host, and is
transitioning from the SBL EE to the AMSS EE. As part of shutting down
SBL, the SBL flushes it's local MHI context to the shared memory since
the local context will not persist across an EE change. In the case of
the event ring, SBL will flush its entire context, not just the parts that
it is allowed to update. This means SBL will write to ctxt_wp, and
possibly corrupt it.

An example:

Host Device
---- ---
Update ctxt_wp to 0x1f0
SBL observes 0x1f0
Update ctxt_wp to 0x0
Starts transition to AMSS EE
Context flush, writes 0x1f0 to ctxt_wp
Update ctxt_wp to 0x200
Update ctxt_wp to 0x210
AMSS observes 0x210
0x210 exceeds ring size
AMSS signals syserr

The reason the ctxt_wp goes off the end of the ring is that the rollover
check is only performed on the cached wp, which is out of sync with

Since the host is the authority of the value of ctxt_wp per the MHI spec,
we can fix this issue by not reading ctxt_wp from the shared memory, and
instead compute it based on the cached value. If SBL corrupts ctxt_wp,
the host won't observe it, and will correct the value at some point later.

Signed-off-by: Jeffrey Hugo <quic_jhugo@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Hemant Kumar <hemantk@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Fix typo on the ring base

drivers/bus/mhi/core/main.c | 9 ++-------
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/bus/mhi/core/main.c b/drivers/bus/mhi/core/main.c
index c01ec2f..dc86fdb3 100644
--- a/drivers/bus/mhi/core/main.c
+++ b/drivers/bus/mhi/core/main.c
@@ -533,18 +533,13 @@ irqreturn_t mhi_intvec_handler(int irq_number, void *dev)
static void mhi_recycle_ev_ring_element(struct mhi_controller *mhi_cntrl,
struct mhi_ring *ring)
- dma_addr_t ctxt_wp;
/* Update the WP */
ring->wp += ring->el_size;
- ctxt_wp = *ring->ctxt_wp + ring->el_size;

- if (ring->wp >= (ring->base + ring->len)) {
+ if (ring->wp >= (ring->base + ring->len))
ring->wp = ring->base;
- ctxt_wp = ring->iommu_base;
- }

- *ring->ctxt_wp = ctxt_wp;
+ *ring->ctxt_wp = ring->iommu_base + (ring->wp - ring->base);

/* Update the RP */
ring->rp += ring->el_size;