On Thu, Aug 26, 2021, David Hildenbrand wrote:
You'll end up with a VMA that corresponds to the whole file in a single
process only, and that cannot vanish, not even in parts.
How would userspace tell the kernel to free parts of memory that it doesn't want
assigned to the guest, e.g. to free memory that the guest has converted to
Define "ordinary" user memory slots as overlay on top of "encrypted" memory
slots. Inside KVM, bail out if you encounter such a VMA inside a normal
user memory slot. When creating a "encryped" user memory slot, require that
the whole VMA is covered at creation time. You know the VMA can't change
This can work for the basic use cases, but even then I'd strongly prefer not to
tie memslot correctness to the VMAs. KVM doesn't truly care what lies behind
the virtual address of a memslot, and when it does care, it tends to do poorly,
e.g. see the whole PFNMAP snafu. KVM cares about the pfn<->gfn mappings, and
that's reflected in the infrastructure. E.g. KVM relies on the mmu_notifiers
to handle mprotect()/munmap()/etc...
As is, I don't think KVM would get any kind of notification if userpaces unmaps
the VMA for a private memslot that does not have any entries in the host page
tables. I'm sure it's a solvable problem, e.g. by ensuring at least one page
is touched by the backing store, but I don't think the end result would be any
prettier than a dedicated API for KVM to consume.
Relying on VMAs, and thus the mmu_notifiers, also doesn't provide line of sight
to page migration or swap. For those types of operations, KVM currently just
reacts to invalidation notifications by zapping guest PTEs, and then gets the
new pfn when the guest re-faults on the page. That sequence doesn't work for
TDX or SEV-SNP because the trusteday agent needs to do the memcpy() of the page
contents, i.e. the host needs to call into KVM for the actual migration.
There's also the memory footprint side of things; the fd-based approach avoids
having to create host page tables for memory that by definition will never be
used by the host.