On Thu, 3 Jan 2002, Madhav Diwan wrote:
> Hey .. can someone clarify this:
> If i send a ping packet or any other packet out to a network where my
> interface is UP but not plugged into anything with a cable, should i
> get an error on the interface when i look at an ifconfig command ?
Perhaps, but not certainly.
It depends on the media type and transceiver.
With many types of fiber transceivers, no.
With 10base2 transceivers, always.
Twisted pair transceivers often have a non-standard mode to ignore
link beat, but will usually report transmit attempts with no link
beat. In some cases this will not be reported immediately.
> How else can i get recieve and trasmit errors?
Many, many ways. Check out a good Ethernet "MIB".
Everyone knows about Rx CRC and length (runt and oversize) errors.
Most know about Tx out-of-window collisions and 16-collision.
Some of the less obvious error types are heartbeat, dribble bits, and
framing/symbol errors. Rx and Tx jabber detection, and IFG
Other error information that doesn't fit naturally into counters:
Some 10base2 transceivers can estimate the distance to a short or open
Some 100baseTx transceivers can estimate the distance to the link
partner or a bad cable kink.
Other types of failures are internal to the NIC or driver, such dropped,
FIFO and ring errors are also counted.
Donald Becker firstname.lastname@example.org
Scyld Computing Corporation http://www.scyld.com
410 Severn Ave. Suite 210 Second Generation Beowulf Clusters
Annapolis MD 21403 410-990-9993
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This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Mon Jan 07 2002 - 21:00:40 EST