Re: virtual NICs

From: linux-os (Dick Johnson)
Date: Wed Nov 16 2005 - 15:49:32 EST

On Wed, 16 Nov 2005, Davy Durham wrote:

> Curious question:
> If I configure multiple IP addresses to a NIC, and assign to
> eth0 and to eth0:0 (a virtual NIC) is there extra work involved
> on the part of the CPU or memory or whatever in routing traffic via
> than I mean does one IP have an advantage over the
> other in any sense?

Of course there is extra work! Any time something has to be checked
(filtered), there is the overhead of the filtering. In the case of
two or more IP addresses, the software has to perform an ARP on two
or more IPs. This means that it needs to "listen" for more queries.
Note that machines on Ethernet, communicate using their hardware-
addresses i.e., the "IEEE station address". But, the initial route
to the target machine needs to be set up by broadcasting an IP address,
thereby asking everybody on the LAN if the IP address belongs to them.
Hopefully only one machine answers. This sequence is called ARP
(address resolution protocol).

Adding more IP addresses is like adding more machines as far as
the source (perhaps a router) is concerned. Adding more IP addresses
to a single host is sometimes necessary, but it is not without
cost. Basically, don't do it unless it's necessary.

> Thanks,
> Davy
> -

Dick Johnson
Penguin : Linux version on an i686 machine (5589.44 BogoMips).
Warning : 98.36% of all statistics are fiction.

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