Once upon a time, Alan Cox <alan@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> said:
It was a nice try but there is a giant gotcha most people forget. Its
only safe to make this assumption while you have all of the
files/directories in question open.
Shades of VMS! Of course that's not unique, I believe iso9660 (CD) has versioning which is almost never used.
Tru64 adds a "st_gen" field to struct stat. It is an unsigned int that
is a "generation" counter for a particular inode. To get a collision
while creating and removing files, you'd have to remove and create a
file with the same inode 2^32 times while tar (or whatever) is running.
Here's what stat(2) says:
Two structure members in <sys/stat.h> uniquely identify a file in a file
system: st_ino, the file serial number, and st_dev, the device id for the
directory that contains the file.
[Tru64 UNIX] However, in the rare case when a user application has been
deleting open files, and a file serial number is reused, a third structure
member in <sys/stat.h>, the file generation number, is needed to uniquely
identify a file. This member, st_gen, is used in addition to st_ino and