Re: [v4l-dvb-maintainer] Re: [PATCH] V4L: struct video_devicecorruption

From: Trent Piepho
Date: Thu Jul 20 2006 - 18:20:09 EST

On Wed, 19 Jul 2006, Mauro Carvalho Chehab wrote:
> Em Seg, 2006-07-17 ās 17:25 -0700, Trent Piepho escreveu:
> > On Sat, 15 Jul 2006, Mauro Carvalho Chehab wrote:
> > > Em Sb, 2006-07-15 s 23:08 +0000, Robert Fitzsimons escreveu:
> > > > The layout of struct video_device would change depending on whether
> > > > videodev.h (V4L1) was include or not before v4l2-dev.h, which caused
> > > > the structure to get corrupted.

> > I think that the real problem is that many drivers include the V4L1 API
> > file videodev.h when V4L1 is NOT on. Should drivers be providing V4L1 API
> > functions, or need anything from videodev.h, if V4L1 is not on?
> >
> > It seems like they either need to depend on VIDEO_V4L1 or only include the
> > V4L1 API header file when V4L1 is turned on. Which also means they would
> > need to #ifdef out any V4L1 code when V4L1 is turned off. The bttv driver
> > for example does not do this. It includes a bunch of V4L1 functions even
> > when V4L1 (and V4L1_COMPAT) are turned off.

I've looked into this more, and there is still a serious bug here. If you
turn off V4L1 and V4L1_COMPAT, many drivers will a big issue with struct

In some files (saa7134-tvaudio.c, saa6752hs.c, v4l2-common.c, dozens
more), V4L1 will be off and HAVE_V4L1 will not be defined. This gives you
the struct video_dev _without_ vidiocgmbuf.

In other files (tveeprom.c, tvaudio.c, bttv-driver.c, and many more), V4L1
will still be off (of course) by HAVE_V4L1 _will_ be defined. This gives
you the struct viddeo_dev _with_ vidiocgmbuf.

The first thing to solve this that HAVE_V4L1 should die. Why have a define
that is supposed to mirror a Kconfig variable? If everyone used
CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT then there wouldn't be this problem, which some
code things V4L1 is on, and some code thinks it's off.

The second thing, is that many drivers don't respect
CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT. They include V4L1 code when V4L1 is turned off.

To fix this completely:
1. Find all unnecessary includes of videodev.h and remove them.

2. Any remaining includes of videodef.h in drivers which don't depend on
VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT or VIDEO_V4L1 in Kconfig should be protected with
#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT. This will break many drivers.

3. Replace HAVE_V4L1 with CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT everywhere.
This will break many drivers.

4. Any drivers broken by steps 2 and 3 should be fixed by either:
A. Protecting all V4L1 code with #ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT
B. Making the drivers require V4L1 in Kconfig
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