Re: [v4l-dvb-maintainer] Re: [PATCH] V4L: struct video_devicecorruption

From: Trent Piepho
Date: Fri Jul 21 2006 - 16:04:48 EST

I've trimmed the CCs, they were getting big and it didn't look like anyone
else is taking part.

I have a fix for the immediate issue of struct video_device, it doesn't fix
everything else, but does fix this bug.;node=f3cc7acae78a;style=gitweb

On Fri, 21 Jul 2006, Mauro Carvalho Chehab wrote:
> Em Qui, 2006-07-20 ās 14:57 -0700, Trent Piepho escreveu:
> > I've looked into this more, and there is still a serious bug here. If you
> > turn off V4L1 and V4L1_COMPAT, many drivers will a big issue with struct
> > video_device.
> If you turn V4L and V4L1_COMPAT off, most drivers won't compile.

There are many drivers which depend on VIDEO_V4L1 in Kconfig. But, there
are many drivers that don't depend on it. All those drivers will compile
with V4L1 turned all the way off. I was able to compile 101 modules
without V4L1 turned on.

> > In some files (saa7134-tvaudio.c, saa6752hs.c, v4l2-common.c, dozens
> > more), V4L1 will be off and HAVE_V4L1 will not be defined. This gives you
> > the struct video_dev _without_ vidiocgmbuf.
> Ok.
> >
> > In other files (tveeprom.c, tvaudio.c, bttv-driver.c, and many more), V4L1
> > will still be off (of course) by HAVE_V4L1 _will_ be defined. This gives
> > you the struct viddeo_dev _with_ vidiocgmbuf.
> Hmm... tveeprom shouln't include videodev but, instead, videodev2.
> Anyway, both aren't dependent of v4l2-dev.h. For bttv, it is not really
> a complete V4L2 driver and should be disabled. You should also notice
> that tvaudio is part of bttv stuff (although also not dependent of
> video_device struct and v4l2-dev.h).

Well, tvaudio.c does include v4l2-dev.h. There are more that do this:

bttv-cards.c bttv-vbi.c msp3400-kthreads.c tuner-core.c
bttv-driver.c compat_ioctl32.c saa5249.c tuner-simple.c
bttv-gpio.c cpia2_core.c tda7432.c tvaudio.c
bttv-i2c.c cpia2_usb.c tda9875.c tveeprom.c
bttv-if.c cpia2_v4l.c tda9887.c wm8739.c
bttv-input.c cs53l32a.c tlv320aic23b.c wm8775.c
bttv-risc.c msp3400-driver.c tuner-3036.c

All these files include v4l2-dev.h and have HAVE_V4L1 defined when V4L1 is
not turned on in Kconfig. There files are all buildable when V4L1 is off;
they don't depend on it in Kconfig. There might be more files which have
the problem with the defines but don't include v4l2-dev.h, I haven't
checked for that.

> > The first thing to solve this that HAVE_V4L1 should die.
> Partially agreed. We should move all in-kernel stuff to use
> CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT. For userspace, this flag might be interesting
> (as well as his counterpart HAVE_V4L2).
> > Why have a define that is supposed to mirror a Kconfig variable?
> Legacy stuff. HAVE_V4L1 came before the Kconfig flag.
> > If everyone used CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT then there wouldn't be this problem, which some
> > code things V4L1 is on, and some code thinks it's off.
> >
> > The second thing, is that many drivers don't respect
> > CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT. They include V4L1 code when V4L1 is turned off.
> >
> > To fix this completely:
> > 1. Find all unnecessary includes of videodev.h and remove them.
> Ok.
> >
> > 2. Any remaining includes of videodef.h in drivers which don't depend on
> > VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT or VIDEO_V4L1 in Kconfig should be protected with
> > #ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT. This will break many drivers.
> Instead, we should do the opposite: checking for both flags inside
> videodev.h. If no V4L1 or V4L1_COMPAT, it should just include
> videodev2.h.

Would some drivers continue to include videodev2.h directly? Or would it
only be included through videodev.h?

> > 3. Replace HAVE_V4L1 with CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT everywhere.
> Agreed.
> > This will break many drivers.
> Perhaps I missed the point, but I can't see what else would be broken by
> replacing the check.

See my list above of files in which HAVE_V4L1 is defined but
CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1* is not defined. If you change an #ifdef from HAVE_V4L1
to CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT, then that #ifdef is changing from on to off.
This can breaks things. Go ahead and try it, you'll see.

> > 4. Any drivers broken by steps 2 and 3 should be fixed by either:
> > A. Protecting all V4L1 code with #ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_V4L1_COMPAT
> > B. Making the drivers require V4L1 in Kconfig
> Broken drivers for V4L2 only should be marked in Kconfig, just like
> bttv. Of course, we should work to fix it. Nickolay did a patch in the
> past removing V4L1 code from bttv and make it use v4l1-compat module
> instead. We should work seriously on such patch.

Is it possible that a driver might include V4L1 compatilbility code, for
functionality beyond that which the v4l-compat module can provide?
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