Re: [RFC][PATCH] axi: add AXI bus driver

From: RafaÅ MiÅecki
Date: Wed Apr 13 2011 - 19:07:24 EST

2011/4/13 RafaÅ MiÅecki <zajec5@xxxxxxxxx>:
> 2011/4/13 RafaÅ MiÅecki <zajec5@xxxxxxxxx>:
>> Will comment on that later.
> Can we try to decide, how to implement our driver correctly? This
> should be main focus for now. I tried to analyze drivers/amba/, how it
> works, how it relates to our code, Broadcom.
> AFAICS AMBA so far is mostly (always?) used for embedded devices with
> pre-defined hardware layout. Let's take as example mach-u300 (just
> some random one). One of the amba_devices it registers is uart0_device
> which has two interesting fields:
> .start = U300_UART0_BASE,
> .end  = U300_UART0_BASE + SZ_4K - 1,
> U300_UART0_BASE == (U300_SLOW_PER_PHYS_BASE+0x3000) == 0xc0013000
> So this mach-u300 is well-specified device, every mach-u300 has uart0
> at 0xc0013000.
> It looks every AMBA device (like uart0) has some common fields, like:
> u32 peripherialid0, peripherialid1, peripherialid2, peripherialid3;
> u32 componentid0, componentid1, componentid2, componentid3;
> I believe Broadcom's *agent* AKA *wrapper* is comparable to standard
> amba device.
> Of course agents/wrappers are not the same for every Broadcom AMBA AXI
> card, so we can not use strict .start and .end declarations and the
> same agents/wrappers for every card. Instead, we have to do scanning
> of EPROM to read info about agents/wrappers.
> If someone does not know: every core on Broadcom AMBA AXI card has
> it's agent/wrapper. We access agent/wrapper registers to
> enable/disable/reset core.
> So we could scan EPROM for agents/wrappers, register them in AMBA
> driver using our *_core_enable as AMBA's clock management.
> Please verify if my understanding is correct. I tried to explain
> easily whole situation I just analyzed.
> If I'm right: is this really the right path to follow? What about real
> core, like PCIe core, or IEEE core? I guess they are not standard AMBA
> cores, so we can not simply register them. Should we look for clever
> way to connect everything we have with drivers/amba? How to connect
> "real" cores (PCIe, IEEE) with agents?
> Please, share how do you see this situation now.

I've done a little more thinking & investigation on this.

First of all, our agent/wrapper cores are real AMBA components. I've
done such a reading:
pr_info("XXX wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID0 0x%08X\n", axi_aread32(core,
pr_info("XXX wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID0 0x%08X\n", axi_aread32(core,
for every agent/wrapper.

The result was:
[ 362.720551] axi: Switched to core: 0x800
[ 362.720519] axi: CC wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID0 0x00000069
[ 362.720523] axi: CC wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID1 0x000000B3
[ 362.720527] axi: CC wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID2 0x0000003B
[ 362.720531] axi: CC wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID3 0x00000010
[ 362.720535] axi: CC wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID0 0x0000000D
[ 362.720539] axi: CC wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID1 0x000000F0
[ 362.720542] axi: CC wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID2 0x00000005
[ 362.720546] axi: CC wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID3 0x000000B1

[ 362.720551] axi: Switched to core: 0x820
[ 362.728037] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID0 0x00000069
[ 362.728041] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID1 0x000000B3
[ 362.728045] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID2 0x0000003B
[ 362.728049] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID3 0x00000010
[ 362.728053] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID0 0x0000000D
[ 362.728056] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID1 0x000000F0
[ 362.728060] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID2 0x00000005
[ 362.728064] axi: PCIE wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID3 0x000000B1

[ 362.728068] axi: Switched to core: 0x812
[ 362.728076] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID0 0x00000069
[ 362.728079] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID1 0x000000B3
[ 362.728083] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID2 0x0000003B
[ 362.728087] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_PERIPHERIALID3 0x00000010
[ 362.728091] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID0 0x0000000D
[ 362.728095] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID1 0x000000F0
[ 362.728098] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID2 0x00000005
[ 362.728102] axi: 80211 wrapper AXI_COMPONENTID3 0x000000B1

#define AMBA_CID 0xb105f00d

1) We could read info about existing agents/wrappers from EPROM and
register them as amba_devices
2) We could register amba_driver for id 0x103BB369
3) We could register our core-managing functions as clock operators

b43 can not be our amba_driver, because this is not the correct layer.
We would need to create separated amba_driver driver for 0x103BB369,
initializing whole stuff (PCIe core, ChipCommon, ChipCommon PMU) *and*
registering new kind of device in the system, identified by manuf, id,
rev and class. That devices would be of course Broadcom cores present
on AMBA, but not AMBA-compatible (not wrappers, they are real AMBA

I've also try treating Broadcom cores (not wrappers, which are real
AMBA devices!) as AMBA devices. For that I've tried:
pr_info("80211 AXI_PERIPHERIALID0 0x%08X\n", axi_read32(core,
Please, note, that this time I used "read32", not "aread32". It means
I was accessing Broadcom core, not AMBA agent/wrapper core. This
operation hanger my machine right away.

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