Re: [PATCH 1/7] mm: vmscan: Do not writeback filesystem pages indirect reclaim

From: Johannes Weiner
Date: Wed Aug 10 2011 - 08:41:20 EST

On Wed, Aug 10, 2011 at 11:47:14AM +0100, Mel Gorman wrote:
> From: Mel Gorman <mel@xxxxxxxxx>
> When kswapd is failing to keep zones above the min watermark, a process
> will enter direct reclaim in the same manner kswapd does. If a dirty
> page is encountered during the scan, this page is written to backing
> storage using mapping->writepage.
> This causes two problems. First, it can result in very deep call
> stacks, particularly if the target storage or filesystem are complex.
> Some filesystems ignore write requests from direct reclaim as a result.
> The second is that a single-page flush is inefficient in terms of IO.
> While there is an expectation that the elevator will merge requests,
> this does not always happen. Quoting Christoph Hellwig;
> The elevator has a relatively small window it can operate on,
> and can never fix up a bad large scale writeback pattern.
> This patch prevents direct reclaim writing back filesystem pages by
> checking if current is kswapd. Anonymous pages are still written to
> swap as there is not the equivalent of a flusher thread for anonymous
> pages. If the dirty pages cannot be written back, they are placed
> back on the LRU lists. There is now a direct dependency on dirty page
> balancing to prevent too many pages in the system being dirtied which
> would prevent reclaim making forward progress.
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxx>
> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <>

Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@xxxxxxxxxx>
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