[RFC PATCH v1 1/3] mm: teach mm by current context info to not do I/O during memory allocation

From: Ming Lei
Date: Tue Oct 16 2012 - 12:00:20 EST

This patch introduces PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO on process flag('flags' field of
'struct task_struct'), so that the flag can be set by one task
to avoid doing I/O inside memory allocation in the task's context.

The patch trys to solve one deadlock problem caused by block device,
and the problem may happen at least in the below situations:

- during block device runtime resume, if memory allocation with
GFP_KERNEL is called inside runtime resume callback of any one
of its ancestors(or the block device itself), the deadlock may be
triggered inside the memory allocation since it might not complete
until the block device becomes active and the involed page I/O finishes.
The situation is pointed out first by Alan Stern. It is not a good
approach to convert all GFP_KERNEL in the path into GFP_NOIO because
several subsystems may be involved(for example, PCI, USB and SCSI may
be involved for usb mass stoarage device)

- during error handling of usb mass storage deivce, USB bus reset
will be put on the device, so there shouldn't have any
memory allocation with GFP_KERNEL during USB bus reset, otherwise
the deadlock similar with above may be triggered. Unfortunately, any
usb device may include one mass storage interface in theory, so it
requires all usb interface drivers to handle the situation. In fact,
most usb drivers don't know how to handle bus reset on the device
and don't provide .pre_set() and .post_reset() callback at all, so
USB core has to unbind and bind driver for these devices. So it
is still not practical to resort to GFP_NOIO for solving the problem.

Also the introduced solution can be used by block subsystem or block
drivers too, for example, set the PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO flag before doing
actual I/O transfer.

Cc: Alan Stern <stern@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Oliver Neukum <oneukum@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jiri.kosina@xxxxxxxx>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@xxxxxxx>
Cc: linux-mm <linux-mm@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <ming.lei@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
include/linux/sched.h | 11 +++++++++++
mm/page_alloc.c | 10 +++++++++-
mm/vmscan.c | 13 +++++++++++++
3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index f6961c9..c149ae7 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1811,6 +1811,7 @@ extern void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *
#define PF_FROZEN 0x00010000 /* frozen for system suspend */
#define PF_FSTRANS 0x00020000 /* inside a filesystem transaction */
#define PF_KSWAPD 0x00040000 /* I am kswapd */
+#define PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO 0x00080000 /* Allocating memory without IO involved */
#define PF_LESS_THROTTLE 0x00100000 /* Throttle me less: I clean memory */
#define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000 /* I am a kernel thread */
#define PF_RANDOMIZE 0x00400000 /* randomize virtual address space */
@@ -1848,6 +1849,16 @@ extern void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *
#define tsk_used_math(p) ((p)->flags & PF_USED_MATH)
#define used_math() tsk_used_math(current)

+#define memalloc_noio() (current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO)
+#define memalloc_noio_save(noio_flag) do { \
+ (noio_flag) = current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; \
+ current->flags |= PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; \
+} while (0)
+#define memalloc_noio_restore(noio_flag) do { \
+ if (!(noio_flag)) \
+ current->flags &= ~PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO; \
+} while (0)
* task->jobctl flags
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 8e1be1c..e3746dd 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2630,10 +2630,18 @@ retry_cpuset:
page = get_page_from_freelist(gfp_mask|__GFP_HARDWALL, nodemask, order,
zonelist, high_zoneidx, alloc_flags,
preferred_zone, migratetype);
- if (unlikely(!page))
+ if (unlikely(!page)) {
+ /*
+ * Resume, block IO and its error handling path
+ * can deadlock because I/O on the device might not
+ * complete.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(memalloc_noio()))
+ gfp_mask &= ~GFP_IOFS;
page = __alloc_pages_slowpath(gfp_mask, order,
zonelist, high_zoneidx, nodemask,
preferred_zone, migratetype);
+ }

trace_mm_page_alloc(page, order, gfp_mask, migratetype);

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 1e9aa66..6647805 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -3298,6 +3298,19 @@ static int __zone_reclaim(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order)
unsigned long nr_slab_pages0, nr_slab_pages1;

+ if (unlikely(memalloc_noio())) {
+ sc.gfp_mask &= ~GFP_IOFS;
+ shrink.gfp_mask = sc.gfp_mask;
+ /*
+ * We allow to reclaim only clean pages.
+ * It can affect RECLAIM_SWAP and RECLAIM_WRITE mode
+ * but this is really rare event and allocator can
+ * fallback to other zones.
+ */
+ sc.may_writepage = 0;
+ sc.may_swap = 0;
+ }
* We need to be able to allocate from the reserves for RECLAIM_SWAP

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