[PATCH v2 RESEND] pnp: restore automatic resolution of DMA conflicts

From: David Flater
Date: Sun Apr 28 2013 - 17:15:21 EST

From: David Flater <dave@xxxxxxxxxxxx>

To fix a 5-year-old regression, reverse the changes made in the
following commit:

commit 7ef36390fabe2168fe31f245e49eb4e5f3762622
Author: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Tue Oct 16 23:31:07 2007 -0700

PNP: don't fail device init if no DMA channel available

Most drivers for devices supporting ISA DMA can operate without
DMA as well (falling back zo PIO). Thus it seems inappropriate
for PNP to fail device initialization in case none of the possible
DMA channels are available. Instead, it should be left to the
driver to decide what to do if request_dma() fails.

The patch at once adjusts the code to account for the fact that
pnp_assign_dma() now doesn't need to report failure anymore.

As an example to show the problem, my sound card provides a
prioritized list of PnP "dependent sets" of requested resources:

dependent set 0 (preferred) wants DMA 5.
dependent set 1 (acceptable) will take DMA 5, 6, or 7.
dependent set 4 (acceptable) doesn't request a high DMA.

If DMA 5 is not available, pnp_assign_dma has to fail on set 0 so that
pnp_auto_config_dev will move on to set 1 and get DMA 6 or 7.
Instead, pnp_assign_dma adds the resource with flags |=
IORESOURCE_DISABLED and returns success. pnp_auto_config_dev just
sees success and therefore chooses set 0 with a disabled DMA and never
tries the sets that would have resolved the conflict.

Furthermore, this mode of "success" is unexpected and unhandled in
sound/isa/sb and probably other drivers. sb assumes that the returned
DMA is enabled and obliviously uses the invalid DMA number. Observed
consequences were sb successfully grabbing a DMA that was expressly
forbidden by the kernel parameter pnp_reserve_dma.

The only upside to the original change would be as a kludge for
devices that can operate in degraded mode without a DMA but that don't
provide the corresponding non-preferred dependent set. The right
workaround for those devices is to synthesize the missing set in
quirks.c; otherwise, you're reinventing PnP fallback functionality at
the driver level for that device and all others.

Signed-off-by: David Flater <dave@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jaroslav Kysela <perex@xxxxxxxx>
Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@xxxxxxxxxx>
2013-04-28 No feedback. Resent v2 to new maintainer and LKML.
2013-03-28 v2: missed a spot (add back handling of empty map as really
2013-03-28 Orig sent to LKML and maintainers of record.

This patch still applies to the current git kernel.
The affected file was last modified 2012-12-15.

drivers/pnp/manager.c | 14 +++++++++-----
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pnp/manager.c b/drivers/pnp/manager.c
index 95cebf0..9357aa7 100644
--- a/drivers/pnp/manager.c
+++ b/drivers/pnp/manager.c
@@ -211,6 +211,12 @@ static int pnp_assign_dma(struct pnp_dev *dev, struct pnp_dma *rule, int idx)
res->start = -1;
res->end = -1;

+ if (!rule->map) {
+ res->flags |= IORESOURCE_DISABLED;
+ pnp_dbg(&dev->dev, " dma %d disabled\n", idx);
+ goto __add;
+ }
for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
if (rule->map & (1 << xtab[i])) {
res->start = res->end = xtab[i];
@@ -218,11 +224,9 @@ static int pnp_assign_dma(struct pnp_dev *dev, struct pnp_dma *rule, int idx)
goto __add;
- res->start = res->end = MAX_DMA_CHANNELS;
- res->flags |= IORESOURCE_DISABLED;
- pnp_dbg(&dev->dev, " disable dma %d\n", idx);
+ pnp_dbg(&dev->dev, " couldn't assign dma %d\n", idx);
+ return -EBUSY;

pnp_add_dma_resource(dev, res->start, res->flags);
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