Re: [PATCH] pci: Disable slot presence detection around bus reset

From: Alex Williamson
Date: Mon Apr 29 2013 - 12:09:40 EST

On Fri, 2013-04-26 at 13:49 -0600, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 24, 2013 at 3:33 PM, Alex Williamson
> <alex.williamson@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Thu, 2013-02-14 at 20:53 -0700, Alex Williamson wrote:
> >> On Thu, 2013-02-14 at 16:47 -0700, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> >> > On Thu, Feb 14, 2013 at 11:37 AM, Alex Williamson
> >> > <alex.williamson@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> > > A bus reset can trigger a presence detection change and result in a
> >> > > suprise hotplug. This is generally not what we want to happen when
> >> > > trying to reset a device. Disable the presence detection control on
> >> > > on bridges around bus reset.
> >> >
> >> > This is a really interesting situation, and I'm not quite ready to
> >> > sign up to the idea that this is really a problem and that if it is,
> >> > this is the way we want to fix it.
> >> >
> >> > What would happen if we *did* handle this as a hotplug event, with a
> >> > removal followed by an add?
> >> >
> >> > The scheme where pci_reset_function() does "pci_save_state(dev);
> >> > pci_dev_reset(dev); pci_restore_state(dev);" makes me nervous.
> >> >
> >> > We're saving and restoring some of PCI config space around the reset,
> >> > but there's no guarantee that we're preserving *all* the important
> >> > state in config space because I think devices can have non-architected
> >> > device-specific things in config space that we don't know how to
> >> > save/restore.
> >> >
> >> > Devices also have internal state not exposed via config space. That
> >> > state is lost during the reset but can't be restored by
> >> > pci_restore_state(). So it seems like pci_reset_function() is
> >> > pretending to do something it can't really do reliably.
> >> >
> >> > If we make it so a reset is always handled as a remove+add, then we'll
> >> > use a more generic path, and we'll get all the stuff you expect when
> >> > initializing a new device -- resource assignment, IRQ setup, quirks,
> >> > etc. Quirks in particular seem like something we want, but don't
> >> > currently get with pci_reset_function().
> >> >
> >> > Oh, and the "disable presence detect" approach below only works for
> >> > things below a PCIe bridge with native hotplug, right? I wonder what
> >> > happens if we reset devices below a bridge using SHPC or acpiphp.
> >>
> >> Triggering a remove+add is not useful for the way we use it today. The
> >> users I'm aware of are KVM device assignment and VFIO, where we trigger
> >> it in an attempt to get the device to a known state so that we have some
> >> hope of repeatability. In those scenarios the reset is initiated by the
> >> driver. The interface isn't meant to guarantee the device is returned
> >> to an identical state as it was before reset. If it did, why would we
> >> call it? We want to get to a state as near to power on, but still with
> >> config programming, as we can.
> I know you don't want the identical state before the reset. But it
> would be good if it were the same state as when the PCI core first
> called the .probe() method.

Well, to clarify, we do want the known PCI state of the device to be the
same before and after reset, otherwise we risk PCI-core getting out of
sync with the actual device state. What we want cleared is all of the
device internal state, so I think we have to assume that users of this
interface want that to be cleared or know how to restore it. PCI-core
can't sign-up for restoring state that it's unaware of.

> What we have right now is the reset path doing *part* of the device
> initialization but not all of it. The exception I can think of is
> that we don't apply any quirks in the reset path. Maybe running those
> would be enough to get to the same state as when the PCI core first
> gave it to the driver. But it's going to be hard to really confirm
> that and to keep these paths in sync in the future. And quirks are
> currently entitled to assume that they run *before* a driver gets its
> mitts on the device, so there could be issues there.
> There probably aren't any quirks for the devices you're interested in,
> so my concerns seem sort of academic. But it would still be nice if
> the scheme didn't depend on the absence of quirks.

I don't quite understand the value of running quirks in the reset path.
The device is owned by a driver across this reset, so why would we want
to get it back to the pre-.probe() state? That might be something we
would want for a full device re-init between drivers, but that seems
additional to a reset interface (ie. reset & re-init).

> >> Being driver directed, having the reset initiate a remove is pretty near
> >> the last thing we want. That limits the scope of calling it to only
> >> when the driver can readily release the device. If we have the device
> >> attached to a guest or userspace driver, that's potentially a lot of
> >> setup and teardown and effectively extending a surprise removal all the
> >> way up the stack.
> >>
> >> Obviously a bus reset is a big hammer and we do exhaust all the little
> >> hammers of flr and pm reset before we try it, but in this case, we know
> >> the device that's going away and with all likelihood, it's coming right
> >> back at the same location. If we take the path of forcing a remove+add,
> >> let's just remove it from the reset_function call path and we'll do
> >> without reset for those devices. Thanks,
> >
> > Time to revisit this bug. Clearly when a driver or userspace calls
> > pci_reset_function the intention is not to have the device be
> > hot-unplugged and re-plugged. So I think we either need to prevent that
> > from happening or politely decline the reset.
> >
> > I don't really know how to do this on acpiphp or shpc or whatever other
> > hotplug controllers we support. So, what if we add a reset_slot
> > callback to hotplug_slot_ops? We could then make pci_parent_bus_reset
> > do something like:
> >
> > if (dev->slot && dev->slot->hotplug_slot) {
> > if (!dev->slot->hotplug_slot->reset_slot)
> > return -ENOTTY;
> >
> > return dev->slot->hotplug_slot->reset_slot(dev->slot->hotplug_slot);
> > } else {
> > ... standard secondary bus reset...
> > }
> If we end up masking the hotplug notification, I do like the idea of
> putting the controller-specific knowledge in hotplug_slot_ops rather
> than directly in pci_parent_bus_reset().

Great :) For now we can assume that any hotplug_slot_ops that doesn't
implement a reset function requires nothing special.

> > I'd actually also like to add a pci_reset_bus interface because we do
> > have cases where the pci_reset_function is not sufficient (device
> > doesn't do any useful reset of it's own and pci_parent_bus_reset won't
> > because there are other devices on the bus). Graphics cards in
> > particular are biting us here. When all of the devices on the bus are
> > owned by a driver, this would provide a less device dependent reset. It
> > would use same logic and code as enabled with reset_slot. Thoughts?
> You're thinking that pci_reset_bus() would do a secondary bus reset,
> but only if every device on the bus is owned by the same driver?

I don't think it's PCI-core's responsibility to figure out the driver
situation, the caller should determine that. A motivated driver has
always had the ability to poke the secondary bus reset of a bridge, I
think we just want to create a common interface and wrap it with device
save/restore like the pci_reset_function interface does. Thanks,


To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at