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Here is patch, which add Linus cputime scaling algorithm to the kernel.

This is follow up of commit d9a3c9823a2e6a543eb7807fb3d15d8233817ec5

"sched: Lower chances of cputime scaling overflow" which try to avoid

multiplication overflow, but not guarantee that the overflow will not

happen.

Linus crated different algorithm, which avoid completely multiplication

overflow by dropping precision when numbers are big. It was tested

by me and it gives good relative error of scaled numbers.

Signed-off-by: Stanislaw Gruszka <sgruszka@xxxxxxxxxx>

---

kernel/sched/cputime.c | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------

1 file changed, 35 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/cputime.c b/kernel/sched/cputime.c

index ea32f02..b3dd984 100644

--- a/kernel/sched/cputime.c

+++ b/kernel/sched/cputime.c

@@ -506,34 +506,47 @@ void account_idle_ticks(unsigned long ticks)

}

/*

- * Perform (stime * rtime) / total with reduced chances

- * of multiplication overflows by using smaller factors

- * like quotient and remainders of divisions between

- * rtime and total.

+ * Perform (stime * rtime) / total, but avoid multiplication overflow by

+ * loosing precision when the numbers are big.

*/

static cputime_t scale_stime(u64 stime, u64 rtime, u64 total)

{

- u64 rem, res, scaled;

+ u64 scaled;

- if (rtime >= total) {

- /*

- * Scale up to rtime / total then add

- * the remainder scaled to stime / total.

- */

- res = div64_u64_rem(rtime, total, &rem);

- scaled = stime * res;

- scaled += div64_u64(stime * rem, total);

- } else {

- /*

- * Same in reverse: scale down to total / rtime

- * then substract that result scaled to

- * to the remaining part.

- */

- res = div64_u64_rem(total, rtime, &rem);

- scaled = div64_u64(stime, res);

- scaled -= div64_u64(scaled * rem, total);

+ for (;;) {

+ /* Make sure "rtime" is the bigger of stime/rtime */

+ if (stime > rtime) {

+ u64 tmp = rtime; rtime = stime; stime = tmp;

+ }

+

+ /* Make sure 'total' fits in 32 bits */

+ if (total >> 32)

+ goto drop_precision;

+

+ /* Does rtime (and thus stime) fit in 32 bits? */

+ if (!(rtime >> 32))

+ break;

+

+ /* Can we just balance rtime/stime rather than dropping bits? */

+ if (stime >> 31)

+ goto drop_precision;

+

+ /* We can grow stime and shrink rtime and try to make them both fit */

+ stime <<= 1;

+ rtime >>= 1;

+ continue;

+

+drop_precision:

+ /* We drop from rtime, it has more bits than stime */

+ rtime >>= 1;

+ total >>= 1;

}

+ /*

+ * Make sure gcc understands that this is a 32x32->64 multiply,

+ * followed by a 64/32->64 divide.

+ */

+ scaled = div_u64((u64) (u32) stime * (u64) (u32) rtime, (u32)total);

return (__force cputime_t) scaled;

}

--

1.7.11.7

--

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**Next message:**Stanislaw Gruszka: "[PATCH -tip 2/4] sched: Do not account bogus utime"**Previous message:**Stanislaw Gruszka: "[PATCH -tip 4/4] Revert "math64: New div64_u64_rem helper""**Next in thread:**Stanislaw Gruszka: "[PATCH -tip 3/4] sched: Avoid prev->stime underflow"**Messages sorted by:**[ date ] [ thread ] [ subject ] [ author ]