Re: How to identify different ip tunnels

From: zhuyj
Date: Thu Jan 23 2014 - 03:55:04 EST

The version of the kernel is 3.4.43.

Any reply is appreciated.

Best Regards!
Zhu Yanjun
On 01/23/2014 03:33 PM, zhuyj wrote:
Hi, Maintainers

We want to identify different ip tunnels.

For example, we use “ip tunnel add xxx” command in linux to create an ipv4/6 tunnel interface,then,we can receive a RTM_NEWLINK message from linux for the new tunnel interface.
We will parse the struct ifinfomsg message and get the ifi->ifi_type attribute. We need to do somethings depend on the tunnel type here.
I checked the linux source code and list all the tunnel types here:

#define ARPHRD_TUNNEL 768 /* IPIP tunnel */
#define ARPHRD_TUNNEL6 769 /* IP6IP6 tunnel */
#define ARPHRD_SIT 776 /* sit0 device - IPv6-in-IPv4 */
#define ARPHRD_IPGRE 778 /* GRE over IP */

It means that the linux will report the new link for any ipv4/6 tunnel interface with type only within these four types. However, We need more tunnel types for ipv4/6 tunnel.
For example, 4IN4/6IN4/6TO4/GRE/ISATAP for ipv4 tunnel and 4IN6/6IN6/IPIN6 for ipv6 tunnel.

Here are the result that we have got:

Actual Tunnel type ifi->ifi_type
4IN4 768
GRE4 778
6IN4/6TO4/ISATAP 776
4IN6/6IN6/IPIN6 769

So, we can NOT distinguish the actual tunnel type via ifi_type attribute except the GRE4 and 4IN4 tunnel. However we need the actual type. That is our question.

BTW, for the 6IN4 and 6TO4 tunnel, Can we distinguish them before the interface ip address configured? Because we need to do different things for them when we received the new link message and the tunnel has NOT any ip address in this time.

Best Regards!
Zhu Yanjun

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