Re: [PATCH RFC v3 2/2] clk: Add handling of clk parent and rate assigned from DT

From: Sascha Hauer
Date: Mon Mar 31 2014 - 04:32:53 EST

On Fri, Mar 28, 2014 at 05:44:17PM +0100, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> Hi Sascha,
> On Thursday 27 March 2014 15:47:12 Sascha Hauer wrote:
> > On Thu, Mar 27, 2014 at 03:08:10PM +0100, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> [snip]
> > > That's clearer indeed. Can the parents and rates depend on the board, or
> > > on the SoC only ? We might be getting dangerously close to specifying
> > > platform configuration instead of describing the hardware. A real example
> > > might be nice to support the discussion.
> >
> > This patch comes just at the right time. This is what I do with it:
> >
> > #define cko1_sel 57
> > #define pll4_audio_div 203
> > #define pll4_audio 173
> > #define ssi3_sel 47
> >
> > &clks {
> > assigned-clocks {
> > clocks = <&clks cko1_sel>, <&clks ssi3_sel>, <&clks pll4_audio>;
> > clock-parents = <&clks pll4_audio_div>, <&clks pll4_audio_div>, <0>;
> > clock-rates = <0>, <0>, <786432000>;
> > };
> > };
> >
> > cko1_sel is a clock that can be routed out of the SoC. In my case it is
> > connected the sysclk of an external Audio Codec. ssi3_sel drives my SoC
> > internal I2S unit which I use in master mode. The above makes sure that
> > the I2S unit and the the external codec both get their clock from the
> > audio PLL. The audio PLL is configured to a rate of 786432000Hz which
> > is an exact multiple of the desired audio clock.
> Thank you for the example.
> Are the cko1_sel and ssi3_sel used only by the external audio codec and
> internal I2S unit respectively ? If so, it might make sense to move the
> configuration of their parent to the audio codec and I2S unit DT nodes.
> However, grouping the parent configuration and the pll4 rate configuration in
> a single place makes sense as well. Guidelines are probably needed.

I didn't bother much to find the right place for the nodes. It indeed
might make sense to put them under the I2S unit and the codec. However,
the clock-rate is a shared property between the I2S unit and the codec
which probably should better be placed under the block which provides
the clocks.

> I get a slight feeling of uneasiness about this, probably because we're at the
> boundary between hardware description and system configuration. Encoding in DT
> that "for this particular board this particular clock must be configured this
> particular way" sounds fine to me, but we need to make sure it won't turn to
> software-driven rather than hardware-driven use case descriptions.

I agree this is in the grey area between hardware and software
description. At least on i.MX it happens with audio and video that
totally unrelated units share a clock. Often it's next to impossible to
find an algorithm that configures the clocks correctly without the help
of hardcoded assumptions about parents and rates. I find specifying this
in the devicetree much more convenient than writing board specific code
each time.


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