[PATCH v3 0/7] kernel: Add support for restart notifier call chain

From: Guenter Roeck
Date: Tue Jul 08 2014 - 23:38:18 EST

Various drivers implement architecture and/or device specific means
to restart (reset) the system. Various mechanisms have been implemented
to support those schemes. The best known mechanism is arm_pm_restart,
which is a function pointer to be set either from platform specific code
or from drivers. Another mechanism is to use hardware watchdogs to issue
a reset; this mechanism is used if there is no other method available
to reset a board or system. Two examples are alim7101_wdt, which currently
uses the reboot notifier to trigger a reset, and moxart_wdt, which registers
the arm_pm_restart function. Several other restart drivers for arm, all
directly calling arm_pm_restart, are in the process of being integrated
into the kernel. All those drivers would benefit from the new API.

The existing mechanisms have a number of drawbacks. Typically only one scheme
to restart the system is supported (at least if arm_pm_restart is used).
At least in theory there can be mutliple means to restart the system, some of
which may be less desirable (for example one mechanism may only reset the CPU,
while another may reset the entire system). Using arm_pm_restart can also be
racy if the function pointer is set from a driver, as the driver may be in
the process of being unloaded when arm_pm_restart is called.
Using the reboot notifier is always racy, as it is unknown if and when
other functions using the reboot notifier have completed execution
by the time the watchdog fires.

To solve the problem, introduce a system restart notifier. This notifier
is expected to be called from the architecture specific machine_restart()
function. Drivers providing system restart functionality (such as the watchdog
drivers mentioned above) are expected to register with this notifier.

Patch 1 of this series implements the notifier function. Patches 2 and 3
implement calling the notifier chain from arm and arm64 restart code.

Patch 4 modifies the restart-poweroff driver to no longer call arm_pm_restart
directly but machine_restart. This is done to avoid calling arm_pm_restart
from more than one place. The change makes the driver architecture independent,
so it would be possible to drop the arm dependency from its Kconfig entry.

Patch 5 and 6 convert existing restart handlers in the watchdog subsystem
to use the restart notifier. Patch 7 unexports arm_pm_restart to ensure
that no one gets the idea to implement a restart handler as module.

v3: Drop RFC.
Add kernel_restart_notify wrapper function to execute notifier
Improve documentation.
Move restart_notifier_list into kernel/reboot.c and make it static.
v2: Add patch 4.
Only call blocking notifier call chain if arm_pm_restart was not set.
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