Re: [PATCH v8 3/9] pci: Introduce pci_register_io_range() helper function.
From: Liviu Dudau
Date: Wed Jul 09 2014 - 05:14:54 EST
On Wed, Jul 09, 2014 at 07:20:49AM +0100, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Tuesday 08 July 2014, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 8, 2014 at 1:00 AM, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > > On Tuesday 08 July 2014, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > >> On Tue, Jul 01, 2014 at 07:43:28PM +0100, Liviu Dudau wrote:
> > >> > +static LIST_HEAD(io_range_list);
> > >> > +
> > >> > +/*
> > >> > + * Record the PCI IO range (expressed as CPU physical address + size).
> > >> > + * Return a negative value if an error has occured, zero otherwise
> > >> > + */
> > >> > +int __weak pci_register_io_range(phys_addr_t addr, resource_size_t size)
> > >>
> > >> I don't understand the interface here. What's the mapping from CPU
> > >> physical address to bus I/O port? For example, I have the following
> > >> machine in mind:
> > >>
> > >> HWP0002:00: PCI Root Bridge (domain 0000 [bus 00-1b])
> > >> HWP0002:00: memory-mapped IO port space [mem 0xf8010000000-0xf8010000fff]
> > >> HWP0002:00: host bridge window [io 0x0000-0x0fff]
> > >>
> > >> HWP0002:09: PCI Root Bridge (domain 0001 [bus 00-1b])
> > >> HWP0002:09: memory-mapped IO port space [mem 0xf8110000000-0xf8110000fff]
> > >> HWP0002:09: host bridge window [io 0x1000000-0x1000fff] (PCI address [0x0-0xfff])
> > >>
> > >> The CPU physical memory [mem 0xf8010000000-0xf8010000fff] is translated by
> > >> the bridge to I/O ports 0x0000-0x0fff on PCI bus 0000:00. Drivers use,
> > >> e.g., "inb(0)" to access it.
> > >>
> > >> Similarly, [mem 0xf8110000000-0xf8110000fff] is translated by the second
> > >> bridge to I/O ports 0x0000-0x0fff on PCI bus 0001:00. Drivers use
> > >> "inb(0x1000000)" to access it.
> > >
> > > I guess you are thinking of the IA64 model here where you keep the virtual
> > > I/O port numbers in a per-bus lookup table that gets accessed for each
> > > inb() call. I've thought about this some more, and I believe there are good
> > > reasons for sticking with the model used on arm32 and powerpc for the
> > > generic OF implementation.
> > >
> > > The idea is that there is a single virtual memory range for all I/O port
> > > mappings and we use the MMU to do the translation rather than computing
> > > it manually in the inb() implemnetation. The main advantage is that all
> > > functions used in device drivers to (potentially) access I/O ports
> > > become trivial this way, which helps for code size and in some cases
> > > (e.g. SoC-internal registers with a low latency) it may even be performance
> > > relevant.
> > My example is from ia64, but I'm not advocating for the lookup table.
> > The point is that the hardware works similarly (at least for dense ia64
> > I/O port spaces) in terms of mapping CPU physical addresses to PCI I/O
> > space.
> > I think my confusion is because your pci_register_io_range() and
> > pci_addess_to_pci() implementations assume that every io_range starts at
> > I/O port 0 on PCI (correct me if I'm wrong). I suspect that's why you
> > don't save the I/O port number in struct io_range.
> I think you are just misreading the code, but I agree it's hard to
> understand and I made the same mistake in my initial reply to the
> first version.
I am willing to make the code more easy to understand and validate. Proof that
things are not that easy to check is that I've also got confused last night
without having all the code in front of me. Any suggestions?
> pci_register_io_range and pci_address_to_pci only worry about the mapping
> between CPU physical and Linux I/O address, they do not care which PCI
> port numbers are behind that. The mapping between PCI port numbers and
> Linux port numbers is done correctly in patch 8/9 in the
> pci_host_bridge_of_get_ranges() function.
> > Maybe that assumption is guaranteed by OF, but it doesn't hold for ACPI;
> > ACPI can describe several I/O port apertures for a single bridge, each
> > associated with a different CPU physical memory region.
> DT can have the same, although the common case is that each PCI host
> bridge has 64KB of I/O ports starting at address 0. Most driver writers
> get it wrong for the case where it starts at a different address, so
> I really want to have a generic implementation that gets it right.
> > If my speculation here is correct, a comment to the effect that each
> > io_range corresponds to a PCI I/O space range that starts at 0 might be
> > enough.
> > If you did add a PCI I/O port number argument to pci_register_io_range(),
> > we might be able to make an ACPI-based implementation of it. But I guess
> > that could be done if/when anybody ever wants to do that.
> I think we shoulnd't worry about it before we actually need it. As far as
> I understand, the only user of that code (unless someone wants to convert
> ia64) would be ARM64 with ACPI, but that uses the SBSA hardware model that
> recommends having no I/O space at all.
| I would like to |
| fix the world, |
| but they're not |
| giving me the |
\ source code! /
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