Re: [RFC PATCH 1/2] spi: Add support for Zynq QSPI controller

From: Geert Uytterhoeven
Date: Thu Jul 10 2014 - 07:26:03 EST

Hi Harini,

On Thu, Jul 10, 2014 at 12:33 PM, Harini Katakam
<harinikatakamlinux@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 10, 2014 at 3:12 PM, Geert Uytterhoeven
> <geert@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> On Thu, Jul 10, 2014 at 11:31 AM, Harini Katakam
>> <harinikatakamlinux@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>>> + master->mode_bits = SPI_CPOL | SPI_CPHA | SPI_RX_DUAL | SPI_RX_QUAD |
>>>> Your driver advertises Dual/Quad SPI Transfer capabilities, but it doesn't
>>>> check spi_transfer.[tr]x_nbits? How can it determine when to enable Dual/Quad?
>>> Here the driver is just giving information that the controller support it.
>>> The MTD layer enables dual/quad based on what the flash supports; quad
>>> being the first priority
>>> I understand that the spi core reads rx, tx-bus-width property and
>>> master support flags and
>>> performs the necessary checks.
>> That's correct: as long as the rx, tx-bus-width properties do not indicate a
>> Dual or Quad wiring, it won't be used.
>> However, based on schematics, someone may set the rx, tx-bus-width properties
>> to 4, which is correct, as DT describes the hardware. But this will fail to
>> work.
>> So I think it's safer not to announce Dual/Quad support in the driver until
>> the actual driver support is there.
> OK. Correct me if I'm wrong but announcing this support in master->flags is
> just to say the controller supports it - Like Punnaiah mentioned in the other
> mail, nothing specific needs to be done from the controller driver to enable
> dual/quad support. This is at the SOC/IP level.
> I agree it might or might not be supported at board-level.

IC. So this is not a generic SPI controller, but a controller meant for QSPI
FLASHes? I.e. if you would connect a different device, the controller may
unexpectedly use Dual or Quad mode if it sees a byte fly by that looks like
a Quad SPI FLASH read command?

> But that's based on the user's hardware. Should master->flags
> really take this into consideration?

You mean master->mode_bits?

> BTW, I dint see master->mode_bits being used anywhere at the moment.

It is used to match SPI controller and slave features, cfr. spi_setup() in

If Dual/Quad is supported, the bits should be set. Else spi_setup() will
clear the bits in the SPI slave's mode field, disabling Dual/Quad transfers.



Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 -- geert@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
-- Linus Torvalds
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at