Re: [PATCH] Btrfs: Fix memory corruption by ulist_add_merge() on 32bit arch

From: Josef Bacik
Date: Mon Jul 28 2014 - 09:42:48 EST

On 07/28/2014 04:57 AM, Takashi Iwai wrote:
We've got bug reports that btrfs crashes when quota is enabled on
32bit kernel, typically with the Oops like below:
BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 00000004
IP: [<f9234590>] find_parent_nodes+0x360/0x1380 [btrfs]
*pde = 00000000
Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
CPU: 0 PID: 151 Comm: kworker/u8:2 Tainted: G S W 3.15.2-1.gd43d97e-default #1
Workqueue: btrfs-qgroup-rescan normal_work_helper [btrfs]
task: f1478130 ti: f147c000 task.ti: f147c000
EIP: 0060:[<f9234590>] EFLAGS: 00010213 CPU: 0
EIP is at find_parent_nodes+0x360/0x1380 [btrfs]
EAX: f147dda8 EBX: f147ddb0 ECX: 00000011 EDX: 00000000
ESI: 00000000 EDI: f147dda4 EBP: f147ddf8 ESP: f147dd38
DS: 007b ES: 007b FS: 00d8 GS: 00e0 SS: 0068
CR0: 8005003b CR2: 00000004 CR3: 00bf3000 CR4: 00000690
00000000 00000000 f147dda4 00000050 00000001 00000000 00000001 00000050
00000001 00000000 d3059000 00000001 00000022 000000a8 00000000 00000000
00000000 000000a1 00000000 00000000 00000001 00000000 00000000 11800000
Call Trace:
[<f923564d>] __btrfs_find_all_roots+0x9d/0xf0 [btrfs]
[<f9237bb1>] btrfs_qgroup_rescan_worker+0x401/0x760 [btrfs]
[<f9206148>] normal_work_helper+0xc8/0x270 [btrfs]
[<c025e38b>] process_one_work+0x11b/0x390
[<c025eea1>] worker_thread+0x101/0x340
[<c026432b>] kthread+0x9b/0xb0
[<c0712a71>] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x21/0x30
[<c0264290>] kthread_create_on_node+0x110/0x110

This indicates a NULL corruption in prefs_delayed list. The further
investigation and bisection pointed that the call of ulist_add_merge()
results in the corruption.

ulist_add_merge() takes u64 as aux and writes a 64bit value into
old_aux. The callers of this function in backref.c, however, pass a
pointer of a pointer to old_aux. That is, the function overwrites
64bit value on 32bit pointer. This caused a NULL in the adjacent
variable, in this case, prefs_delayed.

Here is a quick attempt to band-aid over this: a new function,
ulist_add_merge_ptr() is introduced to pass/store properly a pointer
value instead of u64. There are still ugly void ** cast remaining
in the callers because void ** cannot be taken implicitly. But, it's
safer than explicit cast to u64, anyway.

Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> [v3.11+]
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@xxxxxxx>

Alternatively, we can change the argument of aux and old_aux to a
pointer from u64, as backref.c is the only user of ulist_add_merge()
function. I'll cook up another patch if it's the preferred way.

Yeah lets just use a pointer and see how that works out. Thanks,


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