Re: TIF_NOHZ can escape nonhz mask? (Was: [PATCH v3 6/8] x86: Split syscall_trace_enter into two phases)

From: Oleg Nesterov
Date: Wed Jul 30 2014 - 13:48:54 EST

On 07/30, Frederic Weisbecker wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 29, 2014 at 07:54:14PM +0200, Oleg Nesterov wrote:
> >
> > Looks like, we can kill context_tracking_task_switch() and simply change the
> > "__init" callers of context_tracking_cpu_set() to do set_thread_flag(TIF_NOHZ) ?
> > Then this flag will be propagated by copy_process().
> Right, that would be much better. Good catch! context tracking is enabled from
> tick_nohz_init(). This is the init 0 task so the flag should be propagated from there.

actually init 1 task, but this doesn't matter.

> I still think we need a for_each_process_thread() set as well though because some
> kernel threads may well have been created at this stage already.

Yes... Or we can add set_thread_flag(TIF_NOHZ) into ____call_usermodehelper().

> > Or I am totally confused? (quite possible).
> >
> > > So here is a scenario where this is a problem: a task runs on CPU 0, passes the context
> > > tracking call before returning from a syscall to userspace, and gets an interrupt. The
> > > interrupt preempts the task and it moves to CPU 1. So it returns from preempt_schedule_irq()
> > > after which it is going to resume to userspace.
> > >
> > > In this scenario, if context tracking is only enabled on CPU 1, we have no way to know that
> > > the task is resuming to userspace, because we passed through the context tracking probe
> > > already and it was ignored on CPU 0.
> >
> > Thanks. But I still can't understand... So if we only track CPU 1, then in this
> > case context_tracking.state == IN_USER on CPU 0, but it can be IN_USER or IN_KERNEL
> > on CPU 1.
> I'm not sure I understand your question.

Probably because it was stupid. Seriously, I still have no idea what this code
actually does.

> Context tracking is either enabled everywhere or
> nowhere.
> I need to say though that there is a per CPU context tracking state named
> It's confusing because it suggests that context tracking is active per CPU. Actually it's tracked
> everywhere when globally enabled, but active determines if we call the RCU and vtime callbacks or
> not.
> So only nohz full CPUs have set because only these need to call the RCU
> and vtime callbacks. Other CPUs still do the context tracking but they won't call rcu and vtime
> functions.

I meant that in the scenario you described above the "global" TIF_NOHZ doesn't
really make a difference, afaics.

Lets assume that context tracking is only enabled on CPU 1. To simplify,
assume that we have a single usermode task T which sleeps in kernel mode.

So context_tracking[0].state == context_tracking[1].state == IN_KERNEL.

T wakes up on CPU_0, returns to user space, calls user_enter(). This sets
context_tracking[0].state = IN_USER but otherwise does nothing else, this
CPU is not tracked and .active is false.

Right after local_irq_restore() this task can migrate to CPU_1 and finish
its ret-to-usermode path. But since it had already passed user_enter() we
do not change context_tracking[1].state and do not play with rcu/vtime.
(unless this task hits SCHEDULE_USER in asm).

The same for user_exit() of course.


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