[PATCH 3.13 222/259] sfc: PIO:Restrict to 64bit arch and use 64-bit writes.

From: Kamal Mostafa
Date: Fri Aug 08 2014 - 16:53:39 EST -stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Jon Cooper <jcooper@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit daf37b556e437ec1ea1a597dcfeff338068380e1 ]

("sfc: Use TX PIO for sufficiently small packets")

The linux net driver uses memcpy_toio() in order to copy into
the PIO buffers.
Even on a 64bit machine this causes 32bit accesses to a write-
combined memory region.
There are hardware limitations that mean that only 64bit
naturally aligned accesses are safe in all cases.
Due to being write-combined memory region two 32bit accesses
may be coalesced to form a 64bit non 64bit aligned access.
Solution was to open-code the memory copy routines using pointers
and to only enable PIO for x86_64 machines.

Not tested on platforms other than x86_64 because this patch
disables the PIO feature on other platforms.
Compile-tested on x86 to ensure that works.

The WARN_ON_ONCE() code in the previous version of this patch
has been moved into the internal sfc debug driver as the
assertion was unnecessary in the upstream kernel code.

This bug fix applies to v3.13 and v3.14 stable branches.

Signed-off-by: Shradha Shah <sshah@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/io.h | 7 +++++++
drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/tx.c | 22 +++++++++++++++++-----
2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/io.h b/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/io.h
index 4d3f119..afb94aa 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/io.h
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/io.h
@@ -66,10 +66,17 @@
#define EFX_USE_QWORD_IO 1

+/* Hardware issue requires that only 64-bit naturally aligned writes
+ * are seen by hardware. Its not strictly necessary to restrict to
+ * x86_64 arch, but done for safety since unusual write combining behaviour
+ * can break PIO.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
/* PIO is a win only if write-combining is possible */
#define EFX_USE_PIO 1

static inline void _efx_writeq(struct efx_nic *efx, __le64 value,
diff --git a/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/tx.c b/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/tx.c
index c49d1fb..105b3ca 100644
--- a/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/tx.c
+++ b/drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/tx.c
@@ -189,6 +189,18 @@ struct efx_short_copy_buffer {
u8 buf[L1_CACHE_BYTES];

+/* Copy in explicit 64-bit writes. */
+static void efx_memcpy_64(void __iomem *dest, void *src, size_t len)
+ u64 *src64 = src;
+ u64 __iomem *dest64 = dest;
+ size_t l64 = len / 8;
+ size_t i;
+ for (i = 0; i < l64; i++)
+ writeq(src64[i], &dest64[i]);
/* Copy to PIO, respecting that writes to PIO buffers must be dword aligned.
* Advances piobuf pointer. Leaves additional data in the copy buffer.
@@ -198,7 +210,7 @@ static void efx_memcpy_toio_aligned(struct efx_nic *efx, u8 __iomem **piobuf,
int block_len = len & ~(sizeof(copy_buf->buf) - 1);

- memcpy_toio(*piobuf, data, block_len);
+ efx_memcpy_64(*piobuf, data, block_len);
*piobuf += block_len;
len -= block_len;

@@ -230,7 +242,7 @@ static void efx_memcpy_toio_aligned_cb(struct efx_nic *efx, u8 __iomem **piobuf,
if (copy_buf->used < sizeof(copy_buf->buf))

- memcpy_toio(*piobuf, copy_buf->buf, sizeof(copy_buf->buf));
+ efx_memcpy_64(*piobuf, copy_buf->buf, sizeof(copy_buf->buf));
*piobuf += sizeof(copy_buf->buf);
data += copy_to_buf;
len -= copy_to_buf;
@@ -245,7 +257,7 @@ static void efx_flush_copy_buffer(struct efx_nic *efx, u8 __iomem *piobuf,
/* if there's anything in it, write the whole buffer, including junk */
if (copy_buf->used)
- memcpy_toio(piobuf, copy_buf->buf, sizeof(copy_buf->buf));
+ efx_memcpy_64(piobuf, copy_buf->buf, sizeof(copy_buf->buf));

/* Traverse skb structure and copy fragments in to PIO buffer.
@@ -304,8 +316,8 @@ efx_enqueue_skb_pio(struct efx_tx_queue *tx_queue, struct sk_buff *skb)
SKB_DATA_ALIGN(sizeof(struct skb_shared_info)));
- memcpy_toio(tx_queue->piobuf, skb->data,
- ALIGN(skb->len, L1_CACHE_BYTES));
+ efx_memcpy_64(tx_queue->piobuf, skb->data,
+ ALIGN(skb->len, L1_CACHE_BYTES));


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