Re: [linux-sunxi] Re: [PATCH 4/4] simplefb: add clock handling code

From: Thierry Reding
Date: Mon Sep 29 2014 - 05:30:11 EST

On Mon, Sep 29, 2014 at 11:10:53AM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> Hi Thierry,
> On Mon, Sep 29, 2014 at 10:54 AM, Thierry Reding
> <thierry.reding@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Mon, Sep 29, 2014 at 10:27:41AM +0200, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
> >> (CC linux-pm, as PM is the real reason behind disabling unused clocks)
> >> (CC gregkh and lkml, for driver core)
> >>
> >> On Mon, Sep 29, 2014 at 10:06 AM, Thierry Reding
> >> <thierry.reding@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> > If we start extending the binding with board-level details we end up
> >> > duplicating the device tree node for the proper video device. Also note
> >> > that it won't stop at clocks. Other setups will require regulators to be
> >> > listed in this device tree node as well so that they don't get disabled
> >> > at late_initcall. And the regulator bindings don't provide a method to
> >> > list an arbitrary number of clocks in a single property in the way that
> >> > the clocks property works.
> >>
> >> Then (optional) regulator support needs to be added.
> >
> > Can you elaborate?
> I'm not so familiar with regulators, but I guess it's similar to clocks?

The bindings are different. Essentially what you use is a *-supply
property per regulator. There is no way to specify more than one
regulator in a single property.

So if you want to keep that generic you have to do crazy things like:

simplefb {
enable-0-supply = <&reg1>;
enable-1-supply = <&reg2>;

I suppose a more generic supplies property could be created to support
this use-case, but I think this kind of proves my point. The only way
that the original proposal is going to work for other resources is if
they follow the same kind of binding. I don't think it makes sense to
introduce such a prerequisite merely because it would make life easy
for some exotic driver with a very specific application.

> > And then all of a sudden something that was supposed to be simple and
> > generic needs to know the specifics of some hardware device.
> And suddenly we wish we could write a real driver and put the stuff in
> the DTS, not DTB...

Oh, there's no doubt a real driver would be preferrable. Note that
simplefb is only meant to be a shim to pass a framebuffer from firmware
to kernel. In some cases it can be used with longer lifetime, like for
example if you really want to have graphical output but the real driver
isn't there yet.

Being a shim driver is precisely the reason why I think the binding
shouldn't be extended to cover all possible types of resources. That
should all go into the binding for the real device.

> >> > The only reasonable thing for simplefb to do is not deal with any kind
> >> > of resource at all (except perhaps area that contains the framebuffer
> >> > memory).
> >> >
> >> > So how about instead of requiring resources to be explicitly claimed we
> >> > introduce something like the below patch? The intention being to give
> >> > "firmware device" drivers a way of signalling to the clock framework
> >> > that they need rely on clocks set up by firmware and when they no longer
> >> > need them. This implements essentially what Mark (CC'ing again on this
> >> > subthread) suggested earlier in this thread. Basically, it will allow
> >> > drivers to determine the time when unused clocks are really unused. It
> >> > will of course only work when used correctly by drivers. For the case of
> >> > simplefb I'd expect its .probe() implementation to call the new
> >> > clk_ignore_unused() function and once it has handed over control of the
> >> > display hardware to the real driver it can call clk_unignore_unused() to
> >> > signal that all unused clocks that it cares about have now been claimed.
> >> > This is "reference counted" and can therefore be used by more than a
> >> > single driver if necessary. Similar functionality could be added for
> >> > other resource subsystems as needed.
> >>
> >> This still won't work for modules, right? Or am I missing something?
> >> With modules you will never know in advance what will be used and what
> >> won't be used, so you need to keep all clocks, regulators, PM domains, ...
> >> up and running?
> >
> > No. The way this works is that your firmware shim driver, simplefb in
> > this case, will call clk_ignore_unused() to tell the clock framework
> > that it uses clocks set up by the firmware, and therefore requests that
> > no clocks should be considered unused (for now). Later on when the
> > proper driver has successfully taken over from the shim driver, the shim
> > driver can unregister itself and call clk_unignore_unused(), which will
> > drop its "reference" on the unused clocks. When all references have been
> > dropped the clock framework will then disable all remaining unused
> > clocks.
> So the shim must be built-in, not modular.

Correct. Making it a module isn't very useful in my opinion. You'd loose
all the advantages.


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