Re: [PATCH] sched, time: cmpxchg does not work on 64-bit variable

From: Rik van Riel
Date: Tue Sep 30 2014 - 08:35:14 EST

Hash: SHA1

On 09/30/2014 07:56 AM, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> A recent change to update the stime/utime members of task_struct
> using atomic cmpxchg broke configurations on 32-bit machines with
> CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN set, because that uses 64-bit
> nanoseconds, leading to a link-time error:
> kernel/built-in.o: In function `cputime_adjust': :(.text+0x25234):
> undefined reference to `__bad_cmpxchg'
> This reverts the change that caused the problem, I suspect the real
> fix is to conditionally use cmpxchg64 instead, but I have not
> checked if that will work on all architectures.

I see that kernel/sched/clock.c uses cmpxchg64 in a non
architecture, non 64 bit specific piece of code, and
nobody complained about that file not building, so I have
to assume cmpxchg64 works :)

The revert seems like a bad idea, since it will reintroduce
a race condition with sys_times().

One problem is that include/asm-generic/cputime_nsecs.h
defines cputime_t as u64, while cputime_jiffies.h defines
cputime_t as a long...

Will anybody barf at a cmpxchg_cputime, or is the solution
to fix cmpxchg on architectures where it does not accept a
64 bit type? Not quite sure how to do the latter...

Arnd, on which architecture are you seeing a build failure?
Is it just 32 bit arm?

> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx> Fixes: eb1b4af0a64a
> ("sched, time: Atomically increment stime & utime") --- found in
> ARM randconfig builds on linux-next
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/cputime.c b/kernel/sched/cputime.c index
> 64492dff8a81..e99e7e54131c 100644 --- a/kernel/sched/cputime.c +++
> b/kernel/sched/cputime.c @@ -603,12 +603,9 @@ static void
> cputime_adjust(struct task_cputime *curr, * If the tick based count
> grows faster than the scheduler one, * the result of the scaling
> may go backward. * Let's enforce monotonicity. - * Atomic exchange
> protects against concurrent cputime_adjust(). */ - while (stime >
> (rtime = ACCESS_ONCE(prev->stime))) - cmpxchg(&prev->stime, rtime,
> stime); - while (utime > (rtime = ACCESS_ONCE(prev->utime))) -
> cmpxchg(&prev->utime, rtime, utime); + prev->stime =
> max(prev->stime, stime); + prev->utime = max(prev->utime, utime);
> out: *ut = prev->utime;

- --
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